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Congenital analgesia

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Nonviolence and analgesia, Nonviolent Direct Action. Not peace at hsc frankenstein any price, but love at all costs. Congenital Analgesia. -- Dick Sheppard. If asked for an example of nonviolent action, one is likely to mention Gandhi, or Martin Luther King, Jr., and theses and dissertations, maybe Rosa Parks. Strong and courageous people whose effective movements resulted, respectively, in Indian independence from decades of British rule, and the initial steps toward freeing African-Americans from decades of discrimination. Such well-known cases notwithstanding, most of us tend to think of nonviolence as ineffectual, the weapon of the congenital analgesia weak. We stand with Mao in presuming that power grows out of the barrel of a gun. The source of the unisa online problem lies partly in the way the congenital words are structured -- defining the concepts in terms of review what they are not. Nonviolence and nonviolent action, by their appearance, simply mean not violence and not violent action. It is a short mental jump to congenital analgesia presume that they are everything violence and violent action are not. And, since the latter are associated with force, power, and strength, the congenital former must be the absence of congenital analgesia these attributes.

The situation is further complicated by a confusion of like-sounding terms -- nonviolence (as a philosophy or lifestyle) and nonviolent action. Before discussing the geometry help potential contribution of nonviolent action to the constructive termination of intractable conflict, it seems helpful to clarify our central terms and analgesia, their relationship to one another. Questions. Nonviolence as Philosophy and Lifestyle. Additional insights into nonviolence are offered by Beyond Intractability project participants. Pacifism is a philosophy which, in its absolutist form, proposes that all forms of violence, war, and/or killing are unconditionally wrong. The proposed ideal is that social intercourse should be completely nonviolent and peaceful. [1] In conditional pacifism, nonviolence is still the ideal, but violence may be justified under certain, typically extreme, circumstances. Self-defense in the face of analgesia attack may be justified, but one should nonetheless do what one can to minimize the harm inflicted on the perpetrator. While pacifism may simply be part of a broader humanist philosophy, it is most often associated with a large number of questions religious traditions. Analgesia. The Christian peace denominations such as the Quakers and the Mennonites have a rejection of violence as a core component, as do a number of non-Christian traditions such as the Jains. Questions. The Great Peace of the Iroquois is based on congenital analgesia values of caring, citizenship, co-existence, fairness, integrity, reasoning, and respect.[2] Additionally, there are significant pacifist traditions in more mainstream religions such as Judaism, Islam, and Catholicism.

It is beyond the scope of this paper to describe the pacifist traditions of the world's religions individually, let alone in detail. But they share a key central value -- that life is precious and that it is not the right of any person to take the life of another. Some extend this mandate beyond human life to all animal life forms. This results in a range of behavior from vegetarianism to to homework soft-spokenness, from withdrawal from society to congenital active involvement against war and the death penalty. The focus of religious nonviolence is not necessarily directed at the broader society. The main concern is often with one's own spiritual wellbeing. This may simply require one to avoid engaging in violent behavior oneself, maybe even at the extreme of not defending oneself from attack. On the other hand, many pacifist traditions encourage believers to work to end war and other forms of violence. Indeed, the directive to Love thine enemy is often married to a hope of affecting the opponent.

If through love for your enemy you can create in him respect or admiration for you, this provides the best possible means by which your new idea or suggestion to him will become an auto-suggestion within him, and it will also help nourish that auto-suggestion.[3] For Gregg, the goal of geometry online nonviolence is to convert the enemy. The opponent, caught off guard by one's refusal to initiate violence or even to reciprocate violence, may come to question his/her own behavior or stance. Gregg calls this moral jiu jitsu. Congenital Analgesia. While it may seem fanciful to think that one's commitment to nonviolence can have this impact, many case studies have shown that this is sometimes the case, particularly when the commitment is constant over time. One such case concerns Vykom in geometry help Travancore Province , India.[4] Under India's caste system, Brahmins (the upper caste) and Untouchables (the lowest caste) were kept apart in congenital a variety of ways. In this case, Untouchables were not allowed to walk on write a road that passed in front of a Brahmin temple, but had to walk a lengthier route to their own homes. At its outset, Hindu reformers walked with Untouchables down the road and analgesia, stood in front of the temple. Runner. Protestors were beaten, arrested, and jailed. The Maharajah ordered the police to prevent reformers and analgesia, Untouchables from entering the road. They shifted their tactics to standing prayerfully in front of how to write a paper review police, seeking entry, but not attempting to disobey the directive. Analgesia. Participants stood on the road in shifts of several hours each, weathering the monsoon season during which the unisa and dissertations water level reached their shoulders.

After 16 months, centuries of segregation came to an end as the Brahmins announced simply, We cannot any longer resist the prayers that have been made to us and we are ready to congenital receive the Untouchables. Write. A less-cited case, which demonstrates moral jiu jitsu on a personal level, involved a young man named Eddie Dickerson. Dickerson joined a group of other young men in attacking a group of CORE (Congress on Racial Equality) protestors who were attempting to integrate lunch counters in a nearby town on congenital analgesia Maryland's Eastern Shore. Returning home after the beating, he found himself haunted by the nonviolent response of those whom he had beaten. He left his friends and walked several miles to the church at which the challenging essay CORE volunteers were staying to pose the question, Why didn't you hit back? Their behavior and their answers to his question caused him to begin to question both his violent behavior and even segregation itself. His family kicked him out of the house, but he continued his exploration, ending up working for CORE himself. I don't have any doubts no more. Congenital Analgesia. I feel pretty strong that everyone -- no matter what color skin he has -- should have equal opportunities.

God meant it that way. And it don't make sense to beat them up so they'll believe it. How To Write A Paper Review. It has to be done by congenital analgesia nonviolence if it's going to work. [5] In some faith traditions, nonviolent action becomes a moral imperative in the face of rampant social injustice. Brazilian liberation theologian Leonardo Boff discusses the need to resist that form of violence, which he labels originating violence. Originating violence has its roots in the elite institutions of power, in a social structure that protects the interests of the dominant groups, and in the extreme right, which will not tolerate any social change out of fear of losing its privileged status. As a result many countries of the Third World are in the grips of analgesia state terrorism.[6] Such structural violence demands a response; it is morally imperative to strike against it.

Rather than retaliatory violence or even revolutionary violence, however, Boff suggests nonviolent action. Through it, we avoid becoming accomplices of injustice by refusing the status quo; yet retain our own human dignity by refraining from violence. He propounds a mistica underlying nonviolent struggle: Gandhian nonviolence is based on religious principles drawn from a diversity of scriptures, particularly the Bhagavad Gita, the Bible, and the Koran. Analgesia. Gandhi looked toward higher authority for absolute truth. His central concept, Satyagraha, translated both as truth seeking and congenital analgesia, soul force, presupposed that the activist could learn from the opponent and vice versa. Congenital Analgesia. Truth could neither be achieved nor disseminated by force. Therefore, the concept of ahimsa was also key to the satyagrahi (the person engaged in truth seeking). Geometry Online. While ahimsa is analgesia typically translated nonviolence, it is not encumbered in the original transcript by the negative construction and connotation of the English word. The Indian independence movement lasted over a period of almost three decades, and involved thousands of hsc frankenstein runner essay Indians from all walks of life. Despite its size and duration, it remained almost uniformly nonviolent.

Even when law enforcement agents resorted to violence, even when protestors were beaten and/or imprisoned, they themselves eschewed violence. According to Paul Wehr, Gandhi was able to keep the Indian independence movement from lurching out of control (and possibly becoming violent) through a number of strategies: A step-wise[8] process. Gandhian campaigns began with negotiation and arbitration, during which he worked not only on the issues in dispute, but also on developing a cooperative relationship with the British officials involved. If the conflict was not resolved at this state, the satyagrahis prepared for nonviolent action including agitation, ultimatum, economic boycott and strikes, noncooperation, civil disobedience, usurpation of governmental functions and the creation of analgesia parallel government.[9] Commitment to nonviolence. Each participant in a Gandhian campaign had to make a personal and absolute commitment to nonviolence. According to Wehr, [i]t was primarily because of this personalized self-control that such a massive movement developed with surprisingly little violence.[10] Controlling the dynamics of escalation.

Gandhi avoided common precipitators of escalation. Help Online. For example, he tied each campaign to congenital analgesia a single issue and thus avoided proliferation of issues or parties. He put an to homework questions emphasis on developing personal relationships with opponents, and thus refrained from the tendency to congenital analgesia move from confrontation to how to write antagonism. By announcing all intended moves, he minimized the possibility of analgesia information becoming distorted. Looking at the Indian independence movement from the vantage of the 21st century, it may not seem to be as significant an achievement as it was at the time.Colonial governance is an anachronism in our time, scorned for its non-recognition of peoples' rights to self-governance. Things were must different in the early 20th century, however. Obstacle Essay. Half of the world's peoples lived in territories controlled by other powers.

In the 1940s, Britain took great pride in its empire, the result of analgesia almost three centuries of conquest, acquisition, and effective colonial administration. It is not surprising that, like Gandhi's, Martin Luther King Jr.'s decision to utilize nonviolence was based on religious principles. In fact, King discovered the use of nonviolent action as a political tool through learning about Gandhi's success in India. King's approach was specifically Christian in orientation, drawing on his own status as a minister and the centrality of the to homework Church in analgesia the lives of the Montgomery, Alabama, African-Americans who were the first protestors he led. His speeches utilized the congenital inspirational crescendo structure of congenital analgesia African-American sermonizing and he typically used biblical themes in them. This provided a deeper source of unity than the specific issue at hand and his able lieutenants were drawn from the rolls of black preachers. Like Gandhi's, King's methods were also step-wise. The King Center lists six: Step One.

Information gathering Step Two. Education Step Three. Unisa And Dissertations. Personal commitment Step Four. Negotiations Step Five. Direct action Step Six. Reconciliation[11]

As with Gandhi, the process is step-wise, creating opportunities for congenital analgesia, resolution without confrontation and ensuring that both proponents and adversaries have sufficiently accurate information to make decisions both about the issue and the process. Nonviolent Action as a Political Strategy. While faith- or philosophy-based nonviolence often leads to political change, one can also look at nonviolence from a purely strategic vantage point.This is the view of Gene Sharp, the preeminent cataloguer of nonviolent action. Answers To Homework Questions. As described above, moral jiu jitsu operates by generating questions within the congenital analgesia adversary who comes to hsc frankenstein questions a change of congenital heart in the course of this process. Sharp, on the other hand, refers to political jiu jitsu. Analgesia. By combining nonviolent discipline with solidarity and congenital analgesia, persistence in struggle, the nonviolent actionists cause the unisa violence of the opponent's repression to be exposed in the worst possible light.[12] According to Sharp, non-violent action acts in three ways to change opponents' behavior: Conversion involves a change of heart in the opponent to analgesia the point where the goals of the protestors are now her/his own. At the other extreme, in coercion, the opponent has had no change of heart or mind, but acquiesces to the demands of the protestors because s/he feels there is no choice. In between is accommodation, probably the most frequent mechanism through which nonviolent action is effective. In the mechanism of accommodation the opponent resolves to grant the demands of the nonviolent actionists without having changed his mind fundamentally about the issues involved. Some other factor has come to online be considered more important than the congenital issue at stake in the conflict, and the opponent is therefore willing to yield on the issue rather than to risk or to experience some other condition or result regarded as still more unsatisfactory.[13] A Gandhian approach suggests that conversion is the appropriate goal of nonviolence. Not all nonviolent action proponents, however, adhere to this standard.

On the other extreme there are those whose only concern is achieving the desired goal and the most effective and/or expeditious way of getting there. In between are those who prefer conversion where possible, but not at unisa the cost of significantly prolonging the struggle or participants' suffering. Congenital. Sharp defines three major categories of nonviolent action: Protest and Persuasion . These are actions that highlight the issue in hsc frankenstein runner contention and/or a desired strategy for responding to congenital the situation. Specific methods include petitions, leafleting, picketing, vigils, marches, and teach-ins. Noncooperation . Protestors may refuse to participate in the behavior to which they object socially, economically, and/or politically. Hsc Frankenstein Blade Runner Essay. Specific methods include sanctuary, boycotts, strikes, and civil disobedience. Nonviolent intervention. Congenital. This category includes techniques in which protestors actively interfere with the activity to which they are objecting. Specific methods include sit-ins, fasts, overloading of facilities, and congenital analgesia, parallel government. Congenital Analgesia. In general, the answers questions level of analgesia disruption and confrontation increases as one moves from protest and persuasion to intervention.

If the protestors' goal is to write a paper review convert, protest and persuasion is analgesia likely to be the most appropriate category from which to choose. If the protestors wish to force their opponents to change their behavior, they will probably need to include nonviolent intervention methods in their overall strategy. Those who are seeking accommodation might best mix protest and persuasion tactics with noncooperation if the former are not having the desired impact. When arranging nonviolent action, it is particularly important to consider the challenging obstacle essay audience. A rally may serve to inspire the already committed (sometimes it is important to speak to the choir), but is not likely to congenital analgesia change minds; a boycott of a service provided by someone who has not been educated about the issues in question is write likely to produce an unnecessary level of resentment.George Lakey and Martin Oppenheimer offer a particularly helpful way of looking at this issue. They point out that any person or group can be categorized according to congenital where she, he or it stands in homework online regard to the issues: Active proponents Active supporters Passive supporters Neutral Passive opponents Active supporters of the opposition Active opponents[14] They then make the point that one's aim in any action should be to move the target population up one notch. Whatever criteria are chosen to assess possible tactics before embarking on them, nonviolent actionists would do well to congenital imitate their military counterparts at least in the following categories: careful planning and discipline of unisa online participants. With that, nonviolence may be just as likely to be successful in a conflict as violence, and it is much less likely to cause much increased hostility, escalation, and backlash. [1] Moseley, Alex. Pacifism, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Accessed 10/15/02. [3] Gregg, Richard B. The Power of Nonviolence . The Rev. Ed.

Nyack, NY: Fellowship Publications, 1959, p. 50. [4]; Sharp, Gene . The Politics of Nonviolent Action . Boston: Porter Sargent Publishers, 1973. [5] Robbins, Jhan and Rune Robbins. Why Didn't They Hit Back? in congenital analgesia A. Paul Hare and Herbert H. Blumberg, eds., Nonviolent Direct Action; American Cases: Social and Political Analyses , Washington, D.C.: Corpus Books, 1968, pp. 107-127, p. 126. [6] Boff, Leonardo. Active Nonviolence: The Political and Moral Power of the answers to homework Poor. Forward to Relentless Persistence: Nonviolent Action in Latin America . Congenital Analgesia. Philip McManus and Gerald Schlabach, eds., Gabriola Island, B.C.: New Society Publishers, 1991, pp. vii-xi, p. vii. [12] Sharp, Gene. The Politics of Nonviolent Action. Boston: Porter Sargent Publishers, 1973, p. 657. [14] list modified from challenging essay, Oppenheimer, Martin and congenital, George Lakey. Geometry. A Manual for congenital, Direct Action . Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1965.

A similar (though somewhat different) list is presented in how to review the ICKB essay Intra-Party Differences. Use the following to cite this article: Dugan, Maire A.. Nonviolence and Nonviolent Direct Action. Beyond Intractability . Eds. Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess. Conflict Information Consortium, University of congenital analgesia Colorado, Boulder.

Posted: September 2003 Please contact us if you encounter problems using the new site. You can also still use the old homepage.if you prefer. The Intractable Conflict Challenge. Our inability to constructively handle intractable conflict is making social problem solving impossible. Find out about the problem and how Beyond Intractability can help you help address it. Concrete and realistic steps we LL can take to promote more constructive conflict processes and outcomes. This seminar takes a complexity-oriented approach to examining frontier-of-the-field issues related to difficult and intractable conflicts Visit, follow, or join the Conflict Frontiers Seminar (MOOS) to explore and discuss strategies for more constructively addressing these conflicts. Conflict Fundamentals Seminar/Blog. To Homework. Brief readings and analgesia, videos which highlight the geometry help conflict and peacebuilding field's fundamental building blocks – ideas which help people address both tractable and intractable conflicts more effectively. Beyond Intractability in Context Blog.

Placing conflict and peacebuilding in the larger context of wise and equitable social problem-solving, this blog reports on news, opinion pieces, and reports that illustrate the challenges and successful responses to complex, intractable conflicts. Opportunities for becoming involved in a large-scale learning community working to promote more constructive approaches to conflict. Tell us what YOU are doing that relates to these efforts! Disclaimer: All opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of Beyond Intractability, the Conflict Information Consortium, or the University of analgesia Colorado. Copyright © 2003-2017 The Beyond Intractability Project, The Conflict Information Consortium, University of Colorado; All rights reserved. Content may not be reproduced without prior written permission. Citing Beyond Intractability resources.

The Beyond Intractability Knowledge Base Project. 580 UCB, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA -- Phone: (303) 492-1635 -- Contact.

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"No Pain, No Gain": Congenital Analgesia, Its Causes, and Its

Qualitative Research Methods Methodology. Although one important feature in ATLAS.ti is the coding function, also at ATLAS.ti we hole-heartedly support the statement that “Analysis is congenital analgesia more than coding”. Software is hsc frankenstein questions simply a tool that supports the data analysis process by helping you to find what you are looking for, to retrieve data in all kinds of ways, to help you think and to analgesia work with your data. Write A Paper Review? What ATLAS.ti cannot help you with is to decide on the overall approach that you want to use for your analysis. Congenital? Should it be an inductive approach, a deductive approach, or a mixture of both?

Do you want to combine elements of qualitative and congenital quantitative data analysis? According to the academic literature, it should be your research question that is guiding this decision. In theory this is and should be so. In practice, choices are often more pragmatic and not everyone is educated in analgesia, the application of the whole range of methodologies that are out there. Furthermore, not everyone who has the need for analyzing qualitative data is conducting an challenging academic research project that requires more thorough thinking regarding knowledge generation. A simple analysis of themes and quick access to the data by themes is all that is needed. The question which theoretical research tradition one should follow, and subsequently which methodology and method to congenital choose is geometry homework not so important.

Some researchers just want to apply methods, i.e. certain techniques and procedures that guide them in gathering and congenital analyzing data related to their research questions and hypothesis. Methodology as compared to the term ‘methods’ refers to the strategy, the plan and action, the geometry homework help online process or design lying behind the choice and congenital use of a particular method. Furthermore, there is a theoretical perspective, a philosophical stance that informs a methodology grounding its logic and criteria (cf.Crotty, 1998). Given this definition, positivism, symbolic interactionism, phenomenology, hermeneutics, interpretivismor critical theory, are theoretical perspectives. Survey research, ethnography, Grounded Theory (GT) and discourse analysis are methodologies. Analysis methods derived from questions these various frameworks are statistical procedures, theme identification, constant comparison, document analysis, content analysis, or cognitive mapping. GT may also be classified as method, if understood and used as a series of procedures. If you may wonder what type of techniques and procedures for analyzing qualitative data have been described, here are a few: close reading of analgesia a text, becoming immersed in the data, reading and re-reading a text, taking notes, reflecting on the data and writing down interpretations sequential text interpretation, taking a closer look at only a few text or data passages, engaging in thought experiments and developing possible story lines considering different contexts, discussing possible data interpretations with a group of other researchers and analgesia coming to an agreement after intense discussions. Conclusions are reached through discursive validation An analysis of embodied lived experience before empirical data are collected via self-inspection and reflection of own experience.

This is congenital analgesia considered necessary as all empirical data are regarded as being reductions and objectifications Coding: Coding in qualitative research means to assign a word or a phrase that summarizes a section of language-based or visual data. It can capture whatever is salient, the essence of what is in the section or it can be an evocative attribute. Coding has become a popular method with the spread of Grounded Theory methodology. How To A Paper? It is however also used as a method to structure and organize data outside the Grounded Theory framework. See for example the Coding Manual for congenital analgesia Qualitative Researchers by Saldana (2009) What can be derived from the above is that they are many different methods to analyze qualitative data and coding is how to a paper review only one of them.

This is related to the variousphilosophical traditions and methodological frameworksbehind. The analysis of embodied lived experience for instance is rooted in analgesia, phenomenology and phenomenologists forego coding of data all together. Geometry Help Online? Researchers following the interpretivist paradigm where the congenital above listed sequential analyses techniques belong to questions even perceive coding as an abhorrent incompatible act for congenital analgesia data analysis. Thus, properly informedproponents of a paper these traditions would even state: ‘analysis is analgesia not coding’. And for them CAQDAS packages like ATLAS.ti do not help them in pursuing their particular form of analysis. What we will however see later, researchers from how to a paper these traditions still use ATLAS.ti as a tool for data management.

It helps them to manage, sort through and congenital organize their data corpus. If you decide that coding is an appropriate method to approach the analysis of your data, there is still a lot to learn. If you never cooked a meal before, being provided with all the analgesia pots and congenital analgesia pans necessary and the ingredients like meat, vegetable, eggs, cheese, spices etc., your first meal very likely will not receive three stars – even if you took a class in how to operate the stove and homework online other electrical appliances; how to prepare a sauce and theoretically know how to prepare a tender steak. Embarking on your first journey of analyzing data with the support of CAQDAS is very similar. Technically speaking, coding means to attach a label to a selected data segment. This is something you learn very quickly like operating a stove. But when is a code just a descriptive label, a category, a sub code, a dimension or a theoretical code? Software is not able to tell you or makes such decisions for you. You either have a good teacher at your side, with whom you can discuss your ongoing analysis, or you learn yourself via experience and with time through a process of trial and error what works and analgesia what does not work – like finally managing to prepare your first perfect steak. In both cases, you will learn to appreciate the software features that allow you to retrieve and to review data, to modify boundaries of coded segments, to congenital analgesia rename, to congenital merge or to online theses and dissertations split codes, to provide spaces forwriting, spaces for you to reflect on the data, spaces to “play” with the congenital analgesia data, to how to write rearrange it in different ways, to visualize them – these are all features that support the congenital analysis process and that help the user to immerse in write review, the data, trying to grasps its meaning.

The process of developing a good code system is already more than coding in the technical sense of just attaching a label to a data segment. Congenital Analgesia? Furthermore, having coded the data is not the end of the analysis process. Answers To Homework Questions? After coding, the data is congenital analgesia prepared for further analysisand exploration. ATLAS.ti for instance offers 14 different operators (Boolean, semantic and proximity operators) to query the congenital data. Frequently used tools are the code-cooccurence explorer and the codes-PD table for analgesia the purpose of cross-case comparisons. Results can be saved in various forms as a basis for homework help online new queries, for congenital instance supporting researchers in answers to homework, identifying types and typologies in the data. Thus, analysis is more than coding and still largely dependent on the person sitting in front of the computer using thesoftware tool.Let me end this section with a quote from the analgesia ATLAS.ti manual: When Iasked Anselm Strauss back in congenital, 1996 to contribute a foreword to the manual of the congenital first version of ATLAS.ti, I was extremely happy heagreed.

As I have no idea how his attitude and his decision would betoday, I decided not to theses and dissertations include the original foreword, except for thefollowing quotation which, I promise, will remain true for some time tocome: “… the analgesia program author makes no claims whatever to havingproduced a program that will perform miracles for your research –you still have to have the ideas and the gifts to do exceptionalresearch.” Thomas Muhr, Scientific Software Development, Berlin: C. Analysis approaches and the suitability for CAQDAS based analysis. In the next section an overview of various analysis approaches is provided. Your will find pointers whether CAQDAS is a useful choice and how to where researchers have used it for data organization and management only. References to studies that employed ATLAS.ti are also included. The list is adapted from online QDA ( and sorted in alphabetical order. Action research consists of a family of research methodologies.

The focus is a social problem, rather than the theoretical interests of congenital a scientist. How To? It is a reflective process of congenital progressive problem solving led by individuals working with others in teams, as part of a “community of practice”. The aim is to promote change by engaging participants in a process of sharing knowledge.It contains among other elements also components of congenital field research. Types of data include interviews, focus groups, observation, participant observation, participant-written cases and accounts. CAQDAS is analgesia used as a tool for organizing and congenital sorting data through coding. ATLAS.ti was for example used by Stratton (2008) in a project on improving communication between the congenital Civil Justice System in Canada and the Public.

Dick, B. (2000) A beginner’s guide to action research [On line]. Available at. Schwandt, A. Thomas (1997). Qualitative Inquiry: A dictionary of congenital terms. London: Sage. Schon, David (1983). The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action. Basic Books. Torbert, William.

R. (2001). The practice of action inquiry, in P. Reason and H. Congenital? Bradbury (eds), Handbook of Action Research: Participative Inquiry and Practice. London: Sage, pp. 250-260. Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool:

Billingsley, Barbara, Lowe, Diana and Stratton, Mary (2006).Civil Justice System and a paper the Public Learning from Experiences to find Practices that Work. May 2006. Congenital? CJSP Report. Available online: Stratton, Mary (2008). Action Research: Teaching and Learning in essay, Motion.

CUEXPO 2008 Paper. 2. Biographical Research / Life History Research. Biographical research is an approach to analgesia research which elicits and analyses a person’s biography or life history. It consists of an extended, written account or narrative of a person’s life. Life History and biographical research is challenging today often used interchangeably. Congenital? Data are collected in form of narrative interviews.Of interest is the entire life story in terms of its genesis and how it is constructed in the present.

The steps of data analysis involve thematic analysis, the reconstruction of the life history, a microanalysis of homework individual text segments, contrastive comparisons and the development of types and congenital analgesia contrasting comparison of geometry several cases. Rosenthal (2004) proposes a combination of methods to congenital analgesia analyze biographical data. These are: objective hermeneutics (Oevermann et al. (1979, 1987), narrative analysis (Schutze, 1983) and themantic field analysis (Fischer and Kohli, 1987). ATLAS.ti was for example used by Patrizi (2005) in a biographical study on Domestic Violence, Dictatorship and Democracy in answers, Chile. Also Unger (2009), a student of Schutze, works with ATLAS.ti to analgesia support particular parts of the analysis process. Another example is the study by Gouthro (2009). Roberts, Brian (2001).

Biographical Research.Open University Press. Rosenthal, Gabriele (2004) ‘Biographical Research’, in C. Seale, G. Gobo, J. F. Congenital? Gubrium and D. Silverman (eds), Qualitative Research Practice. London: Sage. pp. 48–64. Oevermann, Ulrich; Allert, Tilman, Konau, Elisabeth and Jurgen Krambeck (1987). Structures of meaning and congenital analgesia objective Hermeneutics. In: Volker Meja, Dieter Misgeld and MicoStehr (eds.) Modern German sociology. (European Perspectives: a Series in Social Thought and Cultural Ctiticism). Answers? New York: Columbia University Press, S. 436–447. Oevermann, Ulrich et al. (1979).

Die Methodologie einer objektiven Hermeneutik und ihre allgemeine forschungslogische Bedeutung in den Sozialwissenschaften, in Hans-Georg Soeffner (ed.), Interpretative Verfahren in analgesia, den Sozial- und Textwissenschaften. Stuttgart: Metzler, pp. 352 – 434. Schutze, Fritz (1983). How To A Paper? Biographieforschung und narrative Interviews, Neue Praxis, 3: 283-93. Fischer, Wolfram and Kohli, Martin (1987). Biographieforschung, in analgesia, W. Voges (ed.) Methoden der Biographie- und Lebenslaufforschung.Opladen: Lekse + Budrich, pp. 25 – 50. Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool: Gouthro, P.A. (2009) Life Histories of Canadian Women as Active Citizens: Implications for Policies and Practices in Adult Education.

The Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education , 21 (2) , 19-36. Patrizi, Patrizia (2005). Deviant Action and Self-Narration: A Qualitative Survey through ATLAS.ti. Answers To Homework Questions? Journal of the Theory of Social Behaviour, Vol 25 (2), 171 -188. Unger, Tim (2009). Anschluss verpasst? Pladoyer fur eine berufsbildungstheoretische Aufarbeitung der biografieorientierten Bildungsforschung, in Karin Buchter, Jens Klusmeyerand Martin Kipp (eds.), Selbstverstandnis der Disziplin Berufs- und Wirtschaftspadagogik, bwp@ Ausgabe Nr. 16 | Juni 2009 Available online: A case study is based on an in-depth investigation of a single individual, group, or event to explore causation. in order to find underlying principles. It may involve the collection of both qualitative and quantitative like documents, archival records, interviews, direct observation, participant-observation, physical artifacts. Several analytic strategies for congenital case studies have been described like placing the evidence in a matrix of categories, pattern matching, statistical procedures, and also coding has been proposed as a way to approach analysis.

An example where ATLAS.ti is used to store, organize and analyze case study data is the CPLS DATABASE. It is hsc frankenstein a collection of ethnographic case studies of literacy practice in various marginalized cultural communities. The kinds of analgesia data assigned to an ATLAS.ti project file include the researchers’ field notes, interview transcripts, interview protocols, photos of environmental texts found in the communities under study (e.g., signs, books, advertisements, magazines, etc.), scanned artifacts collected during the conduct of the field work (e.g., newspapers, flyers, memos), official documents, and all other collected data such as the demographic information of participants and geometry help online video recordings. See: Another example where ATLAS.ti has been employed for case study research is the thesis by Isabelle Kern (2004). Miles, M., Huberman, M. Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative data analysis: A methods source book . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Runkel, P. (1990). Casting nets and testing specimens: Two grand methods of psychology.

New York: Praeger. .Stake, R. (1995). The art of case research . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Yin, Robert K. (2009). Case Study Research: Design and Methods . Fourth Edition.SAGE Publications.

Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool: CPLS DATABASE: Conversational Analysis or CA is the study of naturally occurring talk-in-interaction, both verbal and non-verbal, in order to discover how we produce an orderly social world. It does not refer to congenital analgesia context or motive unless they are explicitly deployed in the talk itself. The method was inspired bythe ethnomethodology of Harold Garfinkel and further developed in analgesia, the late 1960s and early 1970s by congenital analgesia the sociologist Harvey Sacks. Today CA is an established method used in sociology, anthropology, linguistics, speech-communication and psychology. Challenging? Typically data are subjected to analgesia afine-grained sequential analysis based on a sophisticated form of transcription. In addition to online sequential analysis, coding approaches have also been used in recent years for identifying recurrent themes. The use of coding in congenital analgesia, conversational analysis however is questioned as an appropriate form of analysis by some.

Thus, ATLAS.ti would not be a natural choice when embarking on a fine grained CA analysis of score transcripts. Congenital? I can become a useful additional tool if you look beyond the code-and-retrieve features of ATLAS.ti (see for example Konopasek (2008). Sacks, Harvey (1992).Lectures on congenital, Conversation. Obstacle Essay? Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. Ten Have, Paul (1999): Doing Conversation Analysis. A Practical Guide , Thousand Oaks: Sage. Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool: Konopasek, Zdenek (2008). Making Thinking Visible with Atlas.ti: Computer Assisted Qualitative Analysis as Textual Practices [62 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 9(2), Art.

12, 5. Discourse Analysis / Critical Discourse Analysis. Discourse Analysis (DA) and Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) both encompass a number of approaches to study the congenital world, society, events and psyche as they are produced in the use of language, discourse, writing, talk, conversation or communicative events. Help Online? It is generally agreed upon congenital, that any explicit method in discourse studies, the humanities and social sciences may be used in CDA research, as long as it is geometry help online able to adequately and relevantly produce insights into the way discourse reproduces (or resists) social and political inequality. Analgesia? Thus, the data collection can be comprised of a number of different data formats. A coding approach and the use of CAQDAS is a possible analysis choice. An example is provided by answers to homework questions Graffigna and Bosio (2006). They used ATLAS.ti for an analysis of online focus groups within a discourse analytical approach. Fairglough, Norman (2003). Congenital Analgesia? Analysing Discourse: Textual Analysis for Social Research . (2003). London: Routledge.

Fairclough, Norman; Clive Holes (1995). Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language . Longman. Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool: Graffigna, Guendalina and Bosio, A. C. (2006). The Influence of Setting on Findings Produced in Qualitative Health Research: A Comparison between Face-to-Face and Online Discussion Groups about HIV/AIDS. Analgesia? International Journal of Qualitative Methods 5 (3), article 5.

Ethnography is a multi-method qualitative approachthat studies people in their naturally occurring settings. The purpose is to provide a detailed, in-depth description of congenital analgesia everyday life and practice.An ethnographic understanding is developed through close exploration of congenital analgesia several sources like participant observation, observation, interviews, documents, newspapers, magazine articles or artifacts. The results of an ethnographic study are summaries of congenital analgesia observed activities, typifications or the identification of patterns and regularities. An example where ATLAS.ti was used for analysis is a study by Hernandez and Rene (2009) and obstacle essay the online ethnography of analgesia Greschke (2007). ATLAS.ti and other CAQDA packages are also mentioned as appropriate tools for online and dissertations analysing ethnographic data by congenital analgesia Fielding (2007). Brewer, John d. (2001).Ethnography. Challenging Obstacle Essay? Buckingham.

Open University Press. Fielding, Nigel (2007). Computer applications in congenital analgesia, qualitative research. In: Handbook of Ethnography. Challenging Obstacle Essay? Atkinson, Paul; Coffey, Amanda, Delamont, Sara, Lofland, John and Lofland, Lyn (eds.). London: Sage. Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool: Greschke, Heike Monika (2007). Bin ich drin? – Methodologische Reflektionen zur ethnografischen Forschung in einem plurilokalen, computervermittelten Feld [45 Absatze]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 8(3), Art. 32,

Hernandez, Luna and Rene, Jesus (2009). Photo-ethnography by People Living in Poverty Near the Northern Border of Mexico [35 paragraphs]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 10(2), Art. 35, Weil, Joyce (2014).

ATLAS.ti Blog. Using ATLAS.ti for congenital analgesia Coding Ethnographic and Policy Data. Available online: The founder of challenging obstacle essay Ethnomethodology Harold Garfinkel (1967, 2002) developed this methodto better understand the social order people use in making sense of the world through. Congenital Analgesia? As data sources he uses accounts and descriptions of day-to-day experiences.

The aim is to discover the methods and unisa online theses and dissertations rules of social action that people use in their everyday life. Analgesia? The focus is on how-question, rather than why-question as underlying motives are not of interest. Ethnomethodologists conduct their studies in a variety of ways focusing on naturally occurring data. Central is the immersion in the situation being studied. They reject anything that looks like interview data. Important for an ethnomethodological analysis is self-reflection and the inspectability of data, thus the reader of an ethnomethodological study should be able to inspect the original data as means to evaluate any claim made by answers the analyst.

Steps in the process of data analysis include coding by type of discourse, counting frequencies of types of discourses, selecting the main types and analgesia checking for unisa online theses deviant cases. According to Fielding (2001), CAQDAS is well suited to support the ethnomethodologist in conducting all of congenital these tasks can. Coulon, Alain (1995). Ethnomethodology. London: Sage. Francis, David and Stephen Hester. Congenital Analgesia? (2004). An invitation to Ethnomethodology. Congenital? Language, Society and Interaction.

London: Sage. Garfinkel, Harold (2002). Ethnomethodology’s Program. New York: Rowman and hsc frankenstein Littlefield. Ten Have, Paul (2004). Analgesia? Understanding qualitative research and ethnomethodology. Analgesia? London: Sage. Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool: Fielding, Nigel (2001).

Computer Applications in Qualitative Research, in congenital, Paul A. Atkinson, Paul A.; Coffey, Amanda Jane, Delamont, Sara, Lofland, Johnk, Lofland, Lyn (eds), Handbook for Ethnography. London: Sage. Field Research examines the personal meanings of individuals’ experiences and actions in the context of their social and cultural environment. Its methodological roots are in phenomenology, social interactionism and ethnographyadapted by business studies and marketing research, but also used in other disciplines like medical research. The investigation is carried out in challenging essay, the naturalistic environment where the phenomenon occurs. Methods of data collection include participant observation, depth interviews, group interviews and projective techniques. Analysis procedures consist of description, ordering or coding of data and displaying summaries of the data. Nia Parson (2005) for example used field research methodology and congenital analgesia ATLAS.ti in congenital analgesia, her dissertation study: Gendered Suffering and Social Transformations: Domestic Violence, Dictatorship and Democracy in Chile. Bailay, Carol A. (2006, 2ed).A guide to qualitative field research.Pine FrogePress. Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool: Parson, Nia (2005).

Gendered Suffering and Social Transformations: Domestic Violence, Dictatorship and Democracy in Chile, 2005, Unpublished. A focus group is a form of congenital group interviewmainly used in marketing research. Congenital Analgesia? The aim is to inquire about people’s perceptions, opinions, beliefs and attitudes towards a product, a service, a concept, an advertisement or packaging idea. The interview form is congenital called focus group because the participants are‘focused’ on a given topic and are selected based on whether they have something to say about the topic. Krueger Casey (2000) describe the analysis cutting, pasting, sorting, arranging and rearranging data through comparing and contrasting the relevant information; thus a classical code retrieve approach and they recommend the use of CAQDAS for to homework questions the analysis process. An example where ATLAS.ti was used for an analysis of focus group is the study by Walsh et al (2008). Krueger R. A. and Casey, M. A. (2000) Focus Groups: A Practical Guide for Applied Research, 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Merton, Robert K. (1987).

The focused interview and the focus group – continuities and discontinuities.Public Opinions Quarterly, 51, 550 -556. Merton, Robert K., Fiske, M. and P. L. Kendall (1956).The focused interview.A manual of problems and procedures. Glencoe, III.: The Free Press. Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool: Walsh, Tasanee R., Irwin, Debra E., Meier, AnderaVarni W., James, and DeWalt, Darren A. (2008). The use of focus groups in the development of the PROMIS Pediatrics Item Bank.Qual Life Res.

2008 June; 17(5): 725–735. Congenital Analgesia? Available online: Frame Analysis has generally been attributed to the work of Erving Goffman and his 1974 book: Frame analysis: An essay on the organization of experience . This approach tries to explain social phenomena in terms of the everyday use of schemes or frames like beliefs, images or symbols. The number of such frames available to people in making sense of their environment is limited by the particular society they live in. Frame Analysis is largely used in social movement theory, policy studies and health research. Congenital Analgesia? When it comes to analyzing the data, a quantitative and a qualitative approach has been suggested. In quantitative studies the keyword approach is used extracting frames by means of congenital hierarchical cluster or factor analysis. The software VBPro for example has especificallybeen developed for how to review such procedures. Frames may however also be discovered via a qualitative coding approach. Goffmann, Erving (1986). Frame Analysis: Propaganda Plays of the congenital Woman Suffrage Movement: An Essay on the Organization of Experience.

Northeastern Univ Press. Koenig, Thomas (2004). Analgesia? Routinizing Frame Analysis through the Use of CAQDAS. Available online: Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool: Trenz, Hans-Jorg. 2004. Media Coverage on European Governance: Exploring the European Public Sphere in National Quality Newspapers.

European Journal of analgesia Communication 19 (3) 291-319. Grounded Theory (GT) is an inductive form of qualitative research that was first introduced by Glaser and Strauss(1967). It is questions a research approach in which the theory is developed from the data, rather than the other way around.Data collection and analysis are consciously combined, and initial data analysis is used to shape continuing data collection. Strauss in disagreement with Glaser developed the approach further providing a more pragmatic and systematic descriptions of analytic steps, like the four different phases of coding: open, axial, selective and theoretical coding. Sociological research has been greatly influenced by Grounded Theory and the method of coding based constant comparison and congenital the theoretical sampling strategy is widely accepted. In recent years, further variations of the grounded theory methodology have emerged. For example Kathy Charmaz introduced a constructivist version and Clarke discusses GT after the postmodern turn. Congenital? As coding is central for a grounded theory analysis, CAQDAS is well suited to congenital analgesia support such an analytic approach, apart maybe for the Glaser version of GT. How To Review? Glaser rubbish the use of tape recording and transcription as he considers it a superfluous activity not aiding the process of conceptualizing. Consequently he advises against the use of software. There are plenty of studies where ATLAS.ti has been used for a Grounded Theory analysis.

See a few examples below. Charmaz, Kathy (2006). Constructing Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide Through Qualitative Analysis. London: Sage. Clarke, Adele E. Congenital Analgesia? (2005). Situational Analysis: Grounded Theory After the Postmodern Turn. London: Sage. Glaser, Barney G. und Strauss, Anselm L. (1967). Discovery of hsc frankenstein blade runner Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Glaser, Barney G. Analgesia? (1998). Doing GroundedTheory.Issues and obstacle Discussions.

Mill Valley, Ca.: Sociology Press. Glaser, Barney G. (1992). Basics of Grounded Theory Analysis: Emerging vs. Forcing. Sociology Press. Strauss, Anselm L. (1987). Qualitative Analysis for Social Scientists.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (dt. 1991, Grundlagen qualitativer Sozialforschung.

Munchen: Fink). Strauss, Anselm L. and Corbin, Juliet (1998, 2ed). Basics of congenital analgesia Qualitative Research: Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory. London: Sage. Strubing, Jorg und Bernt Schmettler (2004, Eds.). Methodologien interpretative Sozialforschung. Unisa Online Theses? Klassische Grundlagentexte. Congenital? UTB. Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool:

Burden, Johann and Roodt, Gert (2007).Grounded theory and its application in a recent study on organizational redesign.Some reflections and guidelines. Journal of geometry homework Human Resource Management, 5 (3), 11 – 18. Cisneros Puebla, Cesar A. (2000).Qualitative Sozialforschung in Mexiko [33 Absatze]. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 1(1), Art. 2, Available online: Fernandez, Walter D. S. The grounded theory method and case study data in IS research: issues and design.

Available online: Pandit, Naresh R. (1996). The Creation of Theory: A Recent Application of the Grounded Theory Method. The Qualitative Report, Volume 2, Number 4, December, 1996. Available online: As a theory of analgesia interpretation, the hermeneutic tradition stretches all the way back to ancient Greek philosophy. In the middle ages and the Renaissance, hermeneutics emerges as a method to identify the meaning and intent of Biblical scripture. Today hermeneutics is also used as a strategy to address a broad range of research questions like interpreting human practices,events, and situations . Answers To Homework? The analytic aim is to understand „the other“.

Researchers bring their personal conviction to the analysis, but they need to be open for congenital revision. In the hsc frankenstein runner questions process of collecting data, a tentative understanding is developed which is then tested against reality. Analgesia? Further understanding is gained if discrepancies between the current interpretation and the new data are recognized. Thus, the process of essay understanding is characterized by constant revisions. The researcher’s concept of the congenital analgesia whole is corrected as each interpretation is congenital compared against the parts of the text. This is congenital analgesia referred to as the hermeneutic cycle. Flick (1994) demonstrates how this can be implemented when working with ATLAS.ti. McNaab, David E. (2004).

Research Methods for Political Science: Quantitative and analgesia Qualitative Methods. M.E. Sharpe. Ramberg, Bjorn and analgesia Gjesdal, Kristin (2009). In Edward N. Zalta (ed.): The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Summer 2009 Edition. vonZweck, Claudia, Paterson, Margo and Wendy Pentland (2008). The Use of Hermeneutics in analgesia, a Mixed Methods Design. The Qualitative Report Volume 13 Number 1 March 2008 116-134. Wallach, Harald (2009, 2. ed). Psychologie – Wissenschaftstheorie, philosophische Grundlagen und Geschichte: Ein Lehrbuch. Kohlhammer.

Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool: Flick, Uwe (1994). Analgesia? Hermeneuten-Zirkel am PC – Erfahrungen mit ATLAS/ti aus einem Lehr-Forschungsprojekt, in Boehm, Andreas, Mengel, Andreas, Muhr, Thomas (eds), Texte verstehen : Konzepte, Methoden, Werkzeuge. S. 349-358. Write A Paper? Gesellschaft fur Angewandte Informationswissenschaft (GAIK) e.V.; Konstanz: Univ.-Verl. Konstanz, 1994. Available online:

The term originally comes from phenomenological sociology, where it refers to the familiar world of everyday life.In analyzing lifeworlds, one attempts to draw out the individual structures within it. A lifeworld can be understood as a physical environment even though the congenital various inhabitants do not necessarily attribute the same meaning to the same space.Cats and people for example may inhabit the same physical environment but live in different lifeworlds as cupboards, window sills, and spaces underneath chairs have different significances for both of them. The aim is the reconstruction of the various subjective perspectives. In order to achieve this, a number of data typesare employed like document analysis, interviews, standardized surveys or observant participation. The latter means that the researcher goes into the social “field” and tries to get as close as possible to how to write a paper review the linguistic and habitual customs of the people examined. Not surprisingly, a hermeneutic approach of analysis is congenital chosen.

When the need arises, this is combined with codification procedures and thus, CAQDAS is a possible choice to support the process of data analysis. Eberle, Thomas S. (2010). The The Phenomenological Life-World Analysis and the Methodology of the Social Sciences. Human Studies, Volume 33, Issue 2-3, pp 123-139. Eberle, Thomas S. (2014). Methodological Implicationsof Phenomenological Life-World Analysis. Available online: Hitzler, Roland und Eberle , Thomas S. (2000):Phanomenologische Lebensweltanalyse. Pfadenhauer, Michaela (2005). Ethnography of Scenes.Towards a Sociological Life-world Analysis of (Post-traditional) Community-building [31 paragraphs].Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 6(3), Art. 43,

Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool: Oberkircher, Lisa and Hornidge, Anna-Katharina (2011).“Water Is Life”—Farmer Rationales and Water Saving in answers, Khorezm, Uzbekistan: A Lifeworld Analysis. Rural Sociology 76(3), 2011, pp. 394–421. Analgesia? Available online: Narrative research is about stories of life experiences. Study participants are asked in long interviews to give a detailed account of them and homework help their story rather than to answer a predetermined list of questions.

Other forms of data include life histories, journals, diaries, memoirs, autobiographies and biographies. The aim of the analysis is to gain insights into a person’s understanding of the meaning ofevents in their lives.After transcription, narratives may be coded according to categories deemed theoretically important by the researcher (Riesman, 1993). Another approach is a formal sequential analysis with the purpose of congenital identifying recurrent and regular forms which are then related to specific modes of biographical experiences. Questions? This however is sometimes also combined with a coding approach (for example Bamberg, 2007; Pohl, 1998). An example where ATLAs.ti is used is the congenital research by De Gregorio (2009) on narrating crime. Narrative analysis can however also be conducted using quantitative methods (QNA). The aim of QNA is to hsc frankenstein essay questions turn words into numbers.

This is achieved via coding the “story grammar” made up of coding categories – the objects of the grammar. By computing word frequencies of coding categories, words are then turned intonumbers (cf. Analgesia? Franzosi, 2010). Boje, David M. (2001). Narrative Methods for answers to homework questions Organizational and Communication Research (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2001), 83, 98. Franzosi, Roberto (2010).Quantitative Narrative Analysis.Sage Publications.

Mitchell, M. and M Egudo, M. (2003).A Review of Narrative Methodology.DSTO Systems Sciences Laboratory , Edinburgh South Australia. Available online: Polkinghorne, Donald E. (1995). Narrative Configuration in Qualitative Analysis. Qualitative Studies in Education, Vol. 8, Issue 2. Riessman, C. K., 1993. “Narrative Analysis” (Newbury Park: Sage Publications). Schutze, Fritz (1983). Biographieforschung und narrative Interviews, Neue Praxis, 3: 283-93.

Schutze, Fritz (1981). Prozessstrukturen des Lebensablaufs. In Joachim Matthes, Arno Pfeifenberger, Manfred Stosberg (Eds.), Biographie in handlungswissenschaftlicher Perspektive (pp.67-156). Nurnberg: Verlag der Nurnberger Forschungsvereinigung e. V. Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool: De Gregorio, Eugenio (2009).

Narrating a crime: Contexts and accounts on deviant actions. International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches, Vol. 3 (2), 191-202. Franzosi, Roberto; Doyle, Sophie; MeClelland, Laura; Putnam, Caddie and Civari, Stefanie (2013).Quantitative Narrative Analysis Software Options Compared: PC-ACE andCAQDAS(ATLAS.ti, MAXqda, and congenital analgesia NVivo). Unisa Online? Available online: Objective Hermeneutics was developed by Oeverman, a German scholar and former student of congenital analgesia Habermas. It is a method of interpreting textual dataproviding an explicit, rule-governed procedure. The aim is to go beyond subjective meanings detecting the objective connotation, the so called latent sense structure behind the data. Similar as in ethnomethodology, personal motives and intentions are not important.

The analysis follows a strict sequential pattern and is usually conducted by a group of help online researchers, the “interpretation circle”. Beginning with a first sequence, e.g. the opening sentence, different story lines are developed and discussed by the team of researchers. The story lines can beviewed as preliminary hypotheses that in congenital analgesia, the process of analysiscan be falsified when inspecting more of the empirical data.The method is very time-consuming and thus only challenging essay feasible with small amounts of text. Coding procedures are explicitly banned. Proponents of this tradition argue that the development of a coding system cannot represent social reality appropriately.

The process of congenital coding would even deplete the theoretical appraisal of empirical phenomena. Thus, objective hermeneutics is clearly not a methodological approach that can or should be supported by ATLAS.ti. Oevermann, Ulrich; Allert, Tilman, Konau, Elisabeth and geometry help online Jurgen Krambeck (1987). Structures of meaning and objective Hermeneutics. Analgesia? In: Volker Meja, Dieter Misgeld and blade essay questions MicoStehr (eds.) Modern German sociology. (European Perspectives: a Series in Social Thought and Cultural Ctiticism). New York: Columbia University Press, S. 436–447.

Oevermann, Ulrich et al. (1979). Congenital Analgesia? Die Methodologie einer objektiven Hermeneutik und ihre allgemeine forschungslogische Bedeutung in congenital analgesia, den Sozialwissenschaften, in Hans-Georg Soeffner (ed.), Interpretative Verfahren in den Sozial- und Textwissenschaften. Stuttgart: Metzler, pp. 352 – 434. Reichertz, Jo (2004) ‘Objective Hermeneutics and Hermeneutic Sociology of Knowledge’, in U. Flick, E. v. Kardorff and I. Steinke (eds), A Companion to Qualitative Research . London: Sage. pp. 290-295. Wernet, Andreas (2000). Einfuhrung in die Interpretationstechnik der Objektiven Hermeneutik. Opladen: Leske + Budrich. Wernet, Andreas (2014). Hermeneutics and Objective Hermeneutics.

In: Flick, Uwe (ed.). The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Data Analysis, pp. 234-246. Phenomenology is a research methodology which has its roots in philosophy focusing on the lived experience of individuals. Phenomenological researchersare interested in congenital, the nature or meaning of something, their questions are about essence and not about appearance.Comparable to hermeneutical analysis, the researcher tries to enter into the other person’s perspective and hsc frankenstein blade runner essay questions experience. In addition there is strong emphasis on the researcher’s personal experience ofthe research process itself. A constant question is: How does this affect me as researcher? Data are collected through a variety of means: observation, interviews, focus groups, diaries, videotape and congenital written descriptions by subjects.

During the process of analysis, the researcher reflects upon his or her own preconceptions about the data grasping the experiential world of the research participant. Transcripts are coded in considerable detail, with the focus shifting back and forth from the point of views of the participant to the researcher’s interpretation of the meaning of these. Challenging Obstacle? Analysis is largely inductive and ‘bottom-up’ andnot guided by a priori formulated hypotheses. A discussion on the use of ATLAS.ti for descriptive phenomenological research can be found here: What’s your experience been with qualitative descriptive phenomenological research when coding and sorting with ATLAS.ti: Moustakas, C. (1994). Phenomenological research methods. Newbury Park, California: Sage. Reid, K., Flowers, P. Larkin, M. (2005) Exploring lived experience: An introduction to Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis.

The Psychologist, 18:1, 20-23. vanManen, M. (Ed.). (2002). Writing in the dark: Phenomenological studies in congenital analgesia, interpretive inquiry. London, ON.:Althouse Press. vanManen, M. (2004). Phenomenology of essay Practice.Phenomenology Practice, Volume 1 (2007), No. 1, pp. 11 – 30. Available online: Studies where ATLAS.ti was employed as a tool:

Burg, Carol. “Phenomenological Data Analysis” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Seventh International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champain Illini Union, Urbana, IL. Congenital? Abstract: Cheng, Fung Kei (2014).Utilising Computer-Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software in Buddhist Canonical Analysis.ATLAS.ti blog. Available online: Rosedale, Mary, Lisanby, Sarah H. and Malaspina, Dolores (2009).The Structure of the Lived Experience for Persons Having Undergone rTMS for Depression Treatment. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, Vol. 15, No. 5, 333-337. Phenomenography is a fairly new qualitative research method developed in the mid to late 1970s. Answers To Homework Questions? It has primarily been a tool for educational research.

Its roots are in Sweden at the University of Gothenburg. Congenital Analgesia? Today there are also strong communities in geometry help online, Britain and Australia. The focus is on the experience of a phenomenon rather than on the phenomenon per analgesia se. The aim is to hsc frankenstein investigate the differing ways in which people experience, perceive, apprehend, understand, and conceptualize various phenomena. A phenomenographic analysis seeks a “description, analysis, and understanding of … experiences” (Marton, 1981, p. 180). The focus is on variation in both the perceptions of the phenomenon as experienced by the actor and in the “ways of seeing something”, as experienced and described by congenital analgesia the researcher. The various perceptions which emerge from the data are collected and congenital analgesia sorted into ‘categories ofdescription’ . Thus, the use of CAQDAS appears to be a feasible tool for phenomenographic analysis as well as put into practice by Boon, Johnston and Webber (2007). They used ATLAS.ti to analyze faculty’s conceptions of information literacy within a phenomenographical research framework. Akerlind, G. (2005). Variation and commonality in phenomenographic research methods.

Higher Education Research Development , 24(4), 321-334. Marton, F. (1981).Phenomenography – describing conceptions of the congenital analgesia world around us. Instructional Science , 10(1981), 177-200. Marton, F. (1986).Phenomenography – A research approach investigating different understandings of analgesia reality. Journal of analgesia Thought , 21(2), 28-49. Uljens, M. (1996).On the philosophical foundation of phenomenography. In G. Dall’Alba B. Hasselgren (Ed.), Reflections on analgesia, Phenomenography (pp.

105–130). Analgesia? Goteborg: ActaUniversitatisGothenburgensis.

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Chronic Pain s Parallel Universe: Congenital Analgesia | Psychology

amc thesis topic Follow the steps below to congenital formulate a thesis statement. All cells must contain text. 2. State your opinion/main idea about answers to homework questions, this topic. This will form the heart of your thesis. Analgesia? An effective statement will. express one major idea. Essay? name the analgesia topic and congenital assert something specific about congenital analgesia, it. be a more specific statement than the topic statement above. take a stance on an issue about which reasonable people might disagree. state your position on or opinion about the issue. 3. Give the strongest reason or assertion that supports your opinion/main idea. 4. Give another strong reason or assertion that supports your opinion/main idea. Obstacle? 5. Give one more strong reason or assertion that supports your opinion/main idea. 6. Include an opposing viewpoint to your opinion/main idea, if applicable. This should be an analgesia argument for the opposing view that you admit has some merit, even if you do not agree with the challenging essay overall viewpoint.

7. Congenital Analgesia? Provide a possible title for your essay. Unisa Online Theses And Dissertations? Thesis Statement Model #35;1: Sample Thesis Statement. Parents should regulate the amount of television their children watch. Thesis Statement Model #35;2: Thesis with Concession. Notice that this model makes a concession by addressing an argument from the opposing viewpoint first, and then uses the analgesia phrase even though and states the writer#39;s opinion/main idea as a rebuttal. Even though television can be educational, parents should regulate the amount of television their children watch. Thesis Statement Model #35;3: Thesis with Reasons. Here, the use of because reveals the reasons behind the runner questions writer's opinion/main idea. parents should regulate the amount of television their children watch because it shortens children#39;s attention spans, it inhibits social interaction, and it isn#39;t always intellectually stimulating.

Thesis Statement Model #35;4: Thesis with Concession and Reasons. This model both makes a concession to opposing viewpoint and states the congenital reasons/arguments for answers to homework questions the writer#39;s main idea. While television can be educational , parents should regulate the amount of television their children watch because it inhibits social interaction, shortens children#39;s attention spans, and isn#39;t always intellectually stimulating. Remember: These thesis statements are generated based on the answers provided on the form. Use the Thesis Statement Guide as many times as you like. Your ideas and the results are anonymous and congenital confidential. When you build a thesis statement that works for you, ensure that it addresses the assignment. Finally, you may have to rewrite the thesis statement so that the spelling, grammar, and punctuation are correct.

Thesis Statement Guide: Sample Outline. Use the outline below, which is analgesia, based on the fiveparagraph essay model, when drafting a plan for your own essay. This is meant as a guide only, so we encourage you to revise it in a way that works best for you. Start your introduction with an congenital interesting hook to questions reel your reader in. Congenital? An introduction can begin with a rhetorical question, a quotation, an anecdote, a concession, an interesting fact, or a question that will be answered in your paper. The idea is to begin broadly and gradually bring the reader closer to the main idea of the paper. How To Write Review? At the end of the introduction, you will present your thesis statement. The thesis statement model used in analgesia this example is a thesis with reasons.

Even though television can be educational , parents should regulate the amount of television their children watch because it shortens children's attention spans, it inhibits social interaction, and it is not always intellectually stimulating. First, parents should regulate the amount of television their children watch because it shortens children's attention spans . Notice that this Assertion is the first reason presented in the thesis statement. Remember that the thesis statement is a kind of mapping tool that helps you organize your ideas, and it helps your reader follow your argument. In this body paragraph, after the Assertion, include any evidencea quotation, statistic, datathat supports this first point. Explain what the evidence means. A Paper? Show the reader how this entire paragraph connects back to the thesis statement. Additionally, it inhibits social interaction . Congenital? The first sentence of the second body paragraph should reflect an even stronger Assertion to support the thesis statement.

Generally, the second point listed in write a paper the thesis statement should be developed here. Like with the previous paragraph, include any evidencea quotation, statistic, datathat supports this point after the Assertion. Analgesia? Explain what the challenging evidence means. Show the reader how this entire paragraph connects back to the thesis statement. Finally, the most important reason parents should regulate the amount of television their children watch is it is not always intellectually stimulating . Your strongest point should be revealed in the final body paragraph. Congenital? Also, if it#39;s appropriate, you can address and refute any opposing viewpoints to your thesis statement here. Hsc Frankenstein? As always, include evidencea quotation, statistic, datathat supports your strongest point. Explain what the evidence means. Show the reader how this entire paragraph connects back to congenital analgesia the thesis statement.

Indeed, while television can be educational, parents should regulate the to homework questions amount of television their children watch . Rephrase your thesis statement in the first sentence of the conclusion. Instead of summarizing the points you just made, synthesize them. Show the reader how everything fits together. While you don#39;t want to present new material here, you can echo the introduction, ask the reader questions, look to congenital the future, or challenge your reader. Remember: This outline is how to review, based on analgesia, the fiveparagraph model. Expand or condense it according to your particular assignment or the size of your opinion/main idea.

Again, use the Thesis Statement Guide as many times as you like, until you reach a thesis statement and outline that works for you.

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Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. Frequently Asked Questions. In these Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), the Division of Corporation Finance is providing guidance regarding Exchange Act Section 13(p), Rule 13p-1, and Item 1.01 of Form SD relating to disclosure regarding the use of conflict minerals from the congenital Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) or adjoining countries. Please refer to Release No. Homework? 34-67716 (August 22, 2012) for congenital further information concerning the Section 13(p) rule. These FAQs are not rules, regulations, or statements of the Commission, and the Commission has neither approved nor disapproved these FAQs. Rule 13p-1 states that “[e]very registrant that files reports with the Commission under Sections 13(a) (15 U.S.C. 78m(a)) or 15(d) (15 U.S.C. 78o(d)) of the answers to homework Exchange Act, having conflict minerals that are necessary to the functionality or production of a product manufactured or contracted by that registrant to be manufactured, shall file a report on congenital, Form SD within the period specified in that Form disclosing the information required by help online, the applicable items of Form SD as specified in that Form (17 CFR 249b.400).” Does this requirement apply to any issuer that files reports with the Commission under Exchange Act Sections 13(a) or 15(d), including voluntary filers? Yes. The rule applies to all issuers that file reports with the Commission under Exchange Act Sections 13(a) or 15(d), whether or not the issuer is required to file such reports.

However, registered investment companies that are required to file reports pursuant to Rule 30d-1 under the congenital analgesia Investment Company Act are not subject to how to write review, the rule. See General Instruction C to Form SD. Instruction 1 to Item 1.01 of Form SD states that an issuer that mines conflict minerals would not be considered to congenital, be manufacturing those minerals for how to review purposes of the rule. Does this Instruction exclude all of the activities customarily associated with mining from the rule? For example, gold mining of lower grade ore often involves, in addition to mining the ore, transporting the mined ore to a processing facility; crushing and milling the ore; mixing crushed/milled ore with cyanide solution; floating cyanide mixture through a leaching circuit; extracting gold from congenital analgesia, a leached circuit; melting leached gold, which is often referred to as smelting, into ingots or bars, which are often referred to as doré gold; and transporting the doré gold to refinery for refining process.

Yes. An issuer that only how to, engages in those activities customarily associated with mining, including gold mining of lower grade ore, is not considered to be manufacturing those minerals. If the product that has conflict minerals necessary to analgesia, its functionality or production is theses and dissertations manufactured by a consolidated subsidiary of an issuer rather than directly by analgesia, the issuer, is the issuer subject to the rule? Yes. An issuer must determine the origin of conflict minerals, and make any required disclosures regarding conflict minerals, for itself and all of its consolidated subsidiaries. Is an issuer that specifies that its logo be etched into a generic product that is manufactured by challenging obstacle essay, a third party considered to be “contracting to manufacture” the analgesia product? No. The Commission in the adopting release stated that an issuer is not considered to be “contracting to manufacture” a generic product if its actions involve no more than “affixing its brand, marks, logo, or label to a generic product manufactured by a third party.” Etching or otherwise marking a generic product that is to homework manufactured by a third party, with a logo, serial number, or other identifier is not considered to be “contracting to manufacture.” If a product manufactured by an issuer or contracted by analgesia, an issuer to be manufactured contains a conflict mineral solely because the conflict mineral is in a “generic” component included in the product, does the issuer need to conduct a reasonable country of origin inquiry regarding the origin of the how to write a paper conflict mineral in the generic component?

We note that the issuer has not contracted to manufacture the generic component. Yes. Analgesia? An issuer would be required to conduct a reasonable country of origin inquiry with respect to runner questions, conflict minerals included in generic components included in products it manufactures or contracts to manufacture. In this regard, there is no distinction between the components of analgesia a product that an issuer directly manufactures or contracts to manufacture and the “generic” ones it purchases to how to review, include in congenital analgesia, a product. An issuer manufactures or contracts to manufacture a package or container that contains a conflict mineral, and the issuer uses the package or container in obstacle, the display, transport, or sale of a product the issuer also manufactures or contracts to have manufactured. Analgesia? Would a conflict mineral necessary to the functionality or production of the package or container also be considered necessary to the functionality or production of the product under the challenging obstacle rule?

What if the analgesia container or packaging is necessary to preserve the product until the geometry homework help time the product is purchased or used? No. Only a conflict mineral that is contained in the product would be considered “necessary to the functionality or production” of the product. The packaging or container sold with a product is not considered to be part of the product. Analgesia? Once the consumer starts to use a product, the packaging is how to a paper generally discarded. This conclusion is true even if a product’s package or container is necessary to preserve the congenital usability of a paper that product up to and following the product’s purchase. If, however, an issuer manufactures and sells packaging or containers independent of the analgesia product, the packaging or containers, in that circumstance, would be considered a product. Are issuers that manufacture or contract for the manufacturing of equipment they use in providing a service they sell required to report on the conflict minerals in that equipment? For example, are issuers that operate cruise lines required to file reports regarding the challenging obstacle conflict minerals in the cruise ships they manufacture or contract to congenital, have manufactured? No.

The staff would not object if issuers did not file reports on Form SD regarding the conflict minerals in the equipment that they manufacture or contract to have manufactured if that equipment is used for the service provided by the issuer and challenging, the equipment is retained by the service provider, is required to be returned to the service provider, or is intended to analgesia, be abandoned by the customer following the terms of the service. Analgesia? Item 1.01(a) of Form SD requires issuers only to congenital, report on conflict minerals that are necessary to the functionality or production of “products” they manufacture or contract to have manufactured, and the staff does not interpret equipment used to congenital analgesia, provide services to be “products” under the rule. An issuer manufactures or contracts to have manufactured tools, machines, or other equipment for it to use in the manufacture of products, and analgesia, those tools, machines, or other equipment contain conflict minerals. If the issuer after using those tools, machines, or other equipment subsequently sells such equipment, is the issuer required to file a report on Form SD regarding the conflict minerals in such equipment? No. The tools, machines, or other equipment are not products of that issuer, and the staff will not view their later entry into the stream of commerce as transforming them into products of that issuer. Item 1.01(c)(2) of Form SD requires an issuer that manufactures products or contracts for essay products to be manufactured that have not been found to be “DRC conflict free” or that are “DRC conflict undeterminable” to provide a description of those products. What type of analgesia product description is required for such products? Does an issuer need to describe such products using model numbers?

Does an issuer need to unisa theses and dissertations, say specifically that the products “have not been found to be ‘DRC conflict free’” or are “DRC conflict undeterminable”? As the Commission noted in the adopting release, the analgesia rule permits an issuer to describe its products based on essay, its own facts and circumstances because the issuer is in the best position to know its products and to describe them in terms commonly understood within its industry. Congenital? An issuer is not required to describe its products using model numbers. Regardless of the manner by which an issuer describes its products, however, the online description in the Conflict Minerals Report filed with Form SD must state clearly that the products “have not been found to be ‘DRC conflict free’” or are “DRC conflict undeterminable,” as applicable. If an issuer determines that the products it manufactures or contracts to manufacture contain conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo or an congenital analgesia, adjoining country, but the products are “DRC conflict free,” is that issuer required to file a Form SD with a Conflict Minerals Report and obtain an independent private sector audit of the Conflict Minerals Report? Yes. The issuer, however, is not required to disclose the products containing those conflict minerals in its Conflict Minerals Report or provide certain other disclosures specified in Item 1.01(c)(2) of congenital analgesia Form SD because those products are “DRC conflict free.” Instruction 3 to congenital analgesia, Item 1.01 of Form SD permits an issuer that acquires or otherwise obtains control over a company that manufactures or contracts to manufacture products with conflict minerals necessary to the functionality or production of those products that previously had not been obligated to provide a specialized disclosure report for those minerals to report on the acquired company’s products beginning with the answers questions first reporting calendar year that begins no sooner than eight months after the congenital effective date of the acquisition. Answers To Homework Questions? Is a similar accommodation provided for an issuer that conducts an initial public offering?

Yes. The staff will not object if the issuer starts reporting for the first reporting calendar year that begins no sooner than eight months after the effective date of its initial public offering registration statement. Does the failure to timely file a Form SD regarding conflict minerals cause an issuer to lose eligibility to use Form S-3? No. In determining eligibility for use of Form S-3, the congenital requirement that the registrant has filed in a timely manner all reports and materials required to be filed during the challenging obstacle prior twelve calendar months refers only to Exchange Act Section 13(a) or 15(d) reports and Exchange Act Section 14(a) and 14(c) materials. See Compliance and Disclosure Interpretation Question 115.04 under Securities Act Forms. Form SD regarding conflict minerals is required to be filed under Exchange Act Section 13(p). Therefore, the filing of Form SD regarding conflict minerals does not impact an issuer’s eligibility to use Form S-3. May an auditor that is not a certified public accountant perform the independent private sector audit (“IPSA”) of an congenital, issuer’s Conflict Minerals Report pursuant to congenital analgesia, the Performance Audit provisions in the U.S. Congenital? Government Accountability Office’s (“GAO”) Government Auditing Standards (“Yellow Book”)? Yes, if the applicable requirements are met.

Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act requires the IPSA of an issuer’s Conflict Minerals Report to be conducted in accordance with standards established by the GAO. The GAO staff has informed the Commission staff that the Yellow Book is applicable to the IPSA of the Conflict Minerals Report, and that, in addition to the general provisions of the Yellow Book, auditors are permitted to congenital analgesia, use either the provisions for Attestation Engagements or Performance Audits. According to the Yellow Book, although Attestation Engagements require that auditors be licensed certified public accountants, Performance Audits allow auditors, including auditors other than certified public accountants, to perform audits if they meet the applicable requirements under the Yellow Book, which can be found at Therefore, an auditor other than a certified public accountant may perform the IPSA pursuant to the Yellow Book’s Performance Audit provisions. If, after exercising due diligence on the source and chain of custody of its conflict minerals, an issuer determines that at least one of its products may be described as “DRC conflict undeterminable,” is the issuer required to congenital, obtain an IPSA of answers to homework its Conflict Minerals Report during the temporary transition period (four years for smaller reporting companies and congenital analgesia, two years for all other issuers)? No. Obstacle Essay? The Commission stated in the adopting release that, during the analgesia transition period, issuers with products that may be described as “DRC conflict undeterminable” are not required to obtain an IPSA of write a paper review their “Conflict Minerals Report.” If any of an analgesia, issuer’s products are “DRC conflict undeterminable” during this period, the issuer is not required to obtain an IPSA of homework online its Conflict Minerals Report. If an issuer does not obtain an IPSA of its Conflict Minerals Report because one of its products is “DRC conflict undeterminable,” may it describe any of its other products as “DRC conflict free” in its Conflict Minerals Report? No. An issuer is analgesia not required, under the congenital rule, to describe any qualifying products as “DRC conflict free” in its Conflict Minerals Report. The Commission stated in congenital, the adopting release, however, that an issuer may choose in its Conflict Minerals Report to describe its products with conflict minerals sourced from the unisa online and dissertations DRC or its adjoining countries as “DRC conflict free” if the issuer is able to analgesia, determine that the conflict minerals in those products did not finance or benefit armed groups in that region based on its due diligence.

The rule defines due diligence as including an unisa online theses, IPSA of the Conflict Minerals Report. Therefore, to be able to describe qualifying products in its Conflict Minerals Report as “DRC conflict free,” an issuer must have obtained an IPSA. During the temporary transition period, an issuer has products that it manufactured or contracted to have manufactured with conflict minerals that are necessary to the functionality or production of those products. Each product is composed of a number of conflict minerals from different sources. Analgesia? In its Conflict Minerals Report, how should the issuer describe any particular product based upon the various combinations of conflict minerals in the product? During the temporary transition period, if an issuer has a product that would qualify as “DRC conflict free” except that the product contains a conflict mineral that the issuer is unable to determine did not originate in how to a paper, the DRC or an adjoining country, or is unable to analgesia, determine did not directly or indirectly finance or benefit armed groups in those countries, the issuer may not describe that product as “DRC conflict free.” Both during and after the temporary transition period, however, if an issuer determines that a product contains a conflict mineral that did finance or benefit armed groups in the DRC or an unisa and dissertations, adjoining country, it must describe that product as “having not been found to be ‘DRC conflict free.’” Does the scope of the congenital IPSA include the completeness or reasonableness of the theses and dissertations issuer’s due diligence, including with respect to which products the congenital analgesia issuer described as “DRC conflict free” or “having not been found to how to write a paper, be ‘DRC conflict free,’” or which suppliers are covered by analgesia, the due diligence measures? No. The IPSA scope is how to write review limited to analgesia, the IPSA objective provided in the rule.

The IPSA objective is to express an opinion or conclusion as to whether the design of the issuer’s due diligence measures as set forth in, and with respect to the period covered by, the issuer’s Conflict Minerals Report is in conformity, in all material respects, with the criteria set forth in homework help, the nationally or internationally recognized due diligence framework used by the issuer, and analgesia, whether the issuer’s description of the due diligence measures it performed as set forth in the Conflict Minerals Report, with respect to the period covered by the report, is consistent with the due diligence process that the unisa theses issuer undertook. The IPSA is not required to cover any matter beyond that objective, including the completeness or reasonableness of the due diligence measures actually performed. The following diagram demonstrates the two distinct parts of the IPSA objective. As shown, the congenital objective is to unisa online and dissertations, compare A to B and C to D. Any other comparison would be outside the IPSA scope. The nationally or internationally recognized due diligence framework used by an issuer may include procedures for obtaining information about a conflict mineral’s country of origin. Analgesia? If so, this aspect of the nationally or internationally recognized due diligence framework would encompass the reasonable country of geometry homework origin inquiry requirement under the rule.

In that situation, would the IPSA also include the issuer’s reasonable country of origin inquiry? No. The IPSA does not need to include the reasonable country of origin inquiry because, under the congenital analgesia rule, that inquiry is a distinct step separate from the due diligence process. As a result, the independent private sector auditor need only opine on whether the design of the issuer’s due diligence framework is in accordance with the portion of the nationally or internationally recognized due diligence framework beginning after the country of origin determination. With regard to the second part of the IPSA objective, the hsc frankenstein blade runner issuer’s conflict minerals report is required to describe the due diligence measures it undertook. As such, the independent private sector auditor need only opine on analgesia, whether the issuer actually performed the how to write due diligence measures described in the report after the issuer determined it had reason to congenital, believe its conflict minerals may have originated in the DRC or an adjoining country. A product manufactured by analgesia, an issuer or contracted by an issuer to be manufactured includes some conflict minerals from recycled or scrap sources, which would not require the congenital analgesia issuer to file a Conflict Minerals Report. It also includes conflict minerals not from recycled or scrap sources, which would require the challenging obstacle essay issuer to file a Conflict Minerals Report. Must the issuer provide the analgesia required disclosures about the conflict minerals from a paper, recycled or scrap sources in the Conflict Minerals Report? Would the IPSA of the Conflict Minerals Report include the conflict minerals from recycled or scrap sources?

If the issuer determines that any conflict minerals in its product came from recycled or scrap sources, the congenital issuer must include in the body of its specialized disclosure report on Form SD the required disclosures for those conflict minerals. The issuer must also file a Conflict Minerals Report as an exhibit to the Form SD that includes a description of the due diligence it performed and any other required disclosures about its conflict minerals that are not from recycled or scrap sources. The Conflict Minerals Report would not need to include the disclosures for the conflict minerals from recycled or scrap sources. An issuer is only required to essay, obtain an IPSA of its Conflict Minerals Report and not of the disclosures contained in the body of its Form SD. The second part of the IPSA objective is to express an opinion or conclusion as to whether the congenital analgesia issuer’s description of the congenital due diligence measures it performed, as set forth in the Conflict Minerals Report, with respect to the period covered by the report, is consistent with the due diligence process that the analgesia issuer undertook. The “period covered by the report” is the calendar year. The opinion or conclusion expressed in the IPSA is required, therefore, to encompass the calendar year. How To A Paper? As such, is the issuer required to exercise due diligence constantly throughout the entire calendar year covered by the Conflict Minerals Report? Could the issuer’s due diligence measures described in the Conflict Minerals Report extend beyond the calendar year? An issuer’s due diligence measures must apply to the conflict minerals in products manufactured during the calendar year.

This requirement, however, does not imply that due diligence measures must be carried out constantly throughout the calendar year. Congenital Analgesia? It is also possible that the issuer’s due diligence measures may begin before or extend beyond the calendar year. The IPSA objective is to express an congenital analgesia, opinion or conclusion as to whether the design of the issuer’s due diligence measures as set forth in, and with respect to the period covered by, the issuer’s Conflict Minerals Report is in conformity, in all material respects, with the criteria set forth in congenital analgesia, the nationally or internationally recognized due diligence framework used by the issuer, and essay, whether the analgesia issuer’s description in the Conflict Minerals Report of the due diligence measures it performed with respect to the period covered by the report is consistent with the unisa online theses and dissertations due diligence process that the issuer undertook. Although the rule requires that the congenital analgesia issuer include in its Conflict Minerals Report a description of the unisa due diligence it exercised, it does not require a separate description of the design of its due diligence framework. The rule indicates, however, that the auditor must express an opinion or conclusion as to congenital, the design of the issuer’s due diligence measures “as set forth in” the Conflict Minerals Report. Does the rule require that an issuer provide a full description of the design of online theses its due diligence in its Conflict Minerals Report? No. The rule does not require an congenital analgesia, issuer to include a full description of the design of its due diligence in the Conflict Minerals Report.

Under the rule, however, the due diligence measures undertaken that are the subject of the second part of the IPSA must be described in the Conflict Minerals Report, and the description must be in sufficient detail for the auditor to be able to form an opinion or conclusion about whether the answers to homework description in the Conflict Minerals Report is congenital consistent with the process the issuer actually performed.