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biography as history Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker occupied with the in christianity, family#8217;s eight children. His father, Earl Little, was an outspoken Baptist minister and avid supporter of case study on vodafone, Black Nationalist leader Marcus Garvey. Racism Essays. Earl#8217;s civil rights activism prompted death threats from the white supremacist organization Black Legion, forcing the trip studios, family to relocate twice before Malcolm#8217;s fourth birthday. Regardless of the Little#8217;s efforts to racism in christianity essays, elude the Legion, in 1929, their Lansing, Michigan home was burned to the ground. Two years later, Earl#8217;s body was found lying across the town#8217;s trolley tracks. Police ruled both incidents as accidents, but the Littles were certain that members of the Black Legion were responsible. Louise suffered emotional breakdown several years after the death of her husband and was committed to a mental institution, while her children were split up among various foster homes and orphanages. Eventually, Malcolm and his long-time friend, Malcolm #8220;Shorty#8221; Jarvis, moved back to Boston. In 1946, they were arrested and convicted on burglary charges, and Malcolm was sentenced to 10 years in prison, although he was granted parole after serving seven years. Recalling his days in school, he used the time to further his education.
It was during this period of self-enlightenment that Malcolm#8217;s brother Reginald would visit and discuss his recent conversion to the Muslim religion. Reginald belonged to the religious organization the genetics, Nation of Islam (NOI). Intrigued, Malcolm began to study the teachings of racism in christianity essays, NOI leader Elijah Muhammad. Muhammad taught that white society actively worked to keep African-Americans from empowering themselves and achieving political, economic, and social success. Among other goals, the NOI fought for a state of their own, separate from one inhabited by white people. By the time he was paroled in 1952, Malcolm was a devoted follower with the new surname #8220;X#8221; (He considered #8220;Little#8221; a slave name and chose the #8220;X#8221; to signify his lost tribal name.). Intelligent and articulate, Malcolm was appointed as a minister and national spokesman for the Nation of Islam. Elijah Muhammad also charged him with establishing new mosques in cities such as Detroit, Michigan, and Harlem.
Malcolm utilized newspaper columns, as well as radio and statement education, television, to racism in christianity, communicate the NOI#8217;s message across the thesis statement environmental, United States. His charisma, drive, and racism in christianity, conviction attracted an astounding number of new members. Trip Studios Essay. Malcolm was largely credited with increasing membership in the NOI from essays 500 in 1952 to 30,000 in 1963. The crowds and controversy surrounding Malcolm made him a media magnet. He was featured in a weeklong television special with Mike Wallace in 1959, called The Hate That Hate Produced. The program explored the thesis statement environmental, fundamentals of the racism in christianity, NOI, and tracked Malcolm#8217;s emergence as one of its most important leaders. After the special, Malcolm was faced with the uncomfortable reality that his fame had eclipsed that of his mentor Elijah Muhammad.
In addition to the media, Malcolm#8217;s vivid personality had captured the government#8217;s attention. As membership in the NOI continued to trip to universal studios, grow, FBI agents infiltrated the organization (one even acted as Malcolm#8217;s bodyguard) and secretly placed bugs, wiretaps, cameras, and other surveillance equipment to racism in christianity, monitor the group#8217;s activities. Malcolm#8217;s faith was dealt a crushing blow at the height of the civil rights movement in 1963. He learned that his mentor and leader, Elijah Muhammad, was secretly having relations with as many as six women within the statement, Nation of Islam organization. As if that were not enough, Malcolm found out that some of racism in christianity, these relationships had resulted in children.
Since joining the NOI, Malcolm had strictly adhered to the teachings of Muhammad, which included remaining celibate until his marriage to Betty Shabazz in 1958. Trip To Universal. Malcolm refused Muhammad#8217;s request to help cover up the affairs and racism essays, subsequent children. He was deeply hurt by Muhammad#8217;s actions, because he had previously considered him a living prophet. Malcolm also felt guilty about the masses he had led to join the NOI, which he now felt was a fraudulent organization built on too many lies to ignore. Thesis. Shortly after his shocking discovery, Malcolm received criticism for a comment he made regarding the assassination of essays, President John F. Kennedy. #8220;[Kennedy] never foresaw that the chickens would come home to about, roost so soon,#8221; said Malcolm. After the statement, Elijah Muhammad #8220;silenced#8221; Malcolm for 90 days. In Christianity. Malcolm, however, suspected he was silenced for another reason. Case Study. In March 1964, Malcolm terminated his relationship with the in christianity, NOI. Unable to macbeth, look past Muhammad#8217;s deception, Malcolm decided to found his own religious organization, the Muslim Mosque, Inc.
That same year, Malcolm went on a pilgrimage to Mecca, which proved to be life altering for him. For the first time, Malcolm shared his thoughts and racism essays, beliefs with different cultures and found the response to be overwhelmingly positive. When he returned, Malcolm said he had met #8220;blonde-haired, blued-eyed men I could call my brothers.#8221; He returned to the United States with a new outlook on integration and a new hope for the future. In French. This time when Malcolm spoke, instead of just preaching to African-Americans, he had a message for all races. Racism In Christianity. After Malcolm resigned his position in the Nation of Islam and character essays, renounced Elijah Muhammad, relations between the two had become increasingly volatile. FBI informants working undercover in the NOI warned officials that Malcolm had been marked for assassinationone undercover officer had even been ordered to help plant a bomb in Malcolm#8217;s car. After repeated attempts on his life, Malcolm rarely traveled anywhere without bodyguards. On February 14, 1965 the home where Malcolm, Betty, and racism in christianity essays, their four daughters lived in East Elmhurst, New York was firebombed.
Luckily, the family escaped physical injury. One week later, however, Malcolm#8217;s enemies were successful in their ruthless attempt. About My Best Friend In French. At a speaking engagement in the Manhattan#8217;s Audubon Ballroom on February 21, 1965, three gunmen rushed Malcolm onstage. They shot him 15 times at close range. The 39-year-old was pronounced dead on arrival at racism New York#8217;s Columbia Presbyterian Hospital. Fifteen hundred people attended Malcolm#8217;s funeral in Harlem on February 27, 1965 at the Faith Temple Church of God in Christ (now Child#8217;s Memorial Temple Church of God in Christ). After the ceremony, friends took the shovels away from the waiting gravediggers and buried Malcolm themselves. Later that year, Betty gave birth to their twin daughters. Malcolm#8217;s assassins, Talmadge Hayer, Norman 3X Butler, and essay friend in french, Thomas 15X Johnson, were convicted of first-degree murder in March 1966.
The three men were all members of the Nation of racism, Islam. Malcolm Xs legacy has moved through generations as the case on vodafone, subject of numerous documentaries, books, and movies. A tremendous resurgence of interest occurred in 1992 when director Spike Lee released the acclaimed movie, Malcolm X. Racism In Christianity. The film received Oscar nominations for Best Actor (Denzel Washington) and Best Costume Design. Malcolm X is madame bovary thesis statement buried at the Ferncliff Cemetery in in christianity, Hartsdale, New York.
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IKEA operations management Essay Sample. Operations Management is how organizations produce goods and services (Slack et all, 2010). Organizations must be able to align their processes to fulfill customer requirements and ensure they are satisfied, which leads to careful planning and if successful to a competitive lead. This reports focus on IKEA, and how IKEA operations management has made them one of the leaders in racism retail in madame bovary the world, with a deep analysis of IKEA corporate organization and operations management. IKEA is the most successful furniture retailer in the world. The product line consists of well-designed furniture at in christianity essays low prices.
During 2011, IKEA has reported 25.2Billon Euro total revenue and 2.966Million Euro net income. Macbeth Character. This success was not achieve in one day; it took long time and careful planning in order to achieve customer requirements. COMPANY PROFILE AND SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS. IKEAs is global organization with sales in more than 250 own stores in 24 countries and racism in christianity 32 external franchisees in 16 countries. The stores are supplied through 31 distribution centers, or directly from the 2000 suppliers in more than 50 countries. Environmental. IKEAs supply chain consequently has a global spread with both sales and purchasing in all major regions of the world. IKEAs growth has been tremendous and sales are still growing. Currently IKEA plans to open 10-20 new stores every year with a goal to double sales within the in christianity essays coming five year (IKEA, 2012). Considering the pace of growth in sales, the essays behavioral many stores and warehouses, and racism essays the fact that some business areas change up to 30% of its assortment every year, supply chain planning is a real challenge. The supply chain needs tight control and high levels of behavioral visibility to keep costs down and avoid obsolete inventory and/or stock outs.
The IKEA supply chain is mainly make-to-stock (MTS) and only a few products are made to customer orders. Consequently, the in christianity entire supply chain is heavily dependent on to universal essay, forecasts. The regions and the stores have traditionally had a strong power and a high degree of local freedom in terms of planning and placing replenishment requests. This has led to a fragmented supply chain planning with local optimization and a lot of manual intervention with plans throughout the supply chain. Furthermore, due to frequent shortage situations some regions have purposely overestimated demand to ensure delivery, which in turn has led to imbalance in terms of demand coverage. Hence, some markets have suffered from stock outs during long periods, whereas other markets have ended up with obsolete inventories. Forecasting has been done on a regional level with approximately 120 users striving for different goals and using different methods.
Part of the explanation to this is that IKEA has lacked a common and structured tactical planning of in christianity essays demand and replenishment. In terms of capacity planning, all different parts of the supply chain (stores, warehouses, regions, etc.) tried to optimize its own part of the supply chain, leading to a set of imbalanced supply plans with a low and unstable total throughput with long. Replenishment times for thesis statement the supply chain as a whole. Essays. The above mentioned situation led to a number of problems with direct impact on about my best friend, performance in a number of ways. Essays. First of all, the statement supply chain had a functional orientation with limited transparency, leading to a reactive behavior with fluctuating goods availability (sometimes stock out situation and sometimes over stock). IKEA has also used extensive manual work in racism its planning processes and the planning was based on fragmented and unreliable Planning information. Hence, there was a lack of trust between different parts of the supply chain, which even further have enhanced the bullwhip effects in the IKEA supply chain. About My Best In French. Other problems related to the supply chain performance was difficulties to get enough attention of data maintenance, the racism in christianity lack of proper follow-up tools to behavioral monitor forecast deviations, hard to in christianity essays change mindsets among users, no synchronization of order and stock data, to name but a few. To overcome the difficult situation, IKEA initiated a program (cluster of projects) aiming to madame thesis taking better control of its supply chain, and enhance performance in terms of delivery service and costs. Racism In Christianity Essays. A new global planning concept was developed and is currently being implemented. Its cornerstones are mutually integrated planning processes, a centralized planning organization, focus on data quality and use of advanced software support.
GROWTH AND PROFITABILITY. Global sales in Fiscal Year 2011 were 25.2 Billion Euros (23.5Billion Euros in FT 2010). The operating income in FT 2011 was 2.9 Billion Euros, an increase of 0.2 Billion Euros of FY 2010. Fig: IKEA Operating Income. Fig: IKEA Revenue. IKEA generates 79% of its sales in Europe, 15% in North America and tax controversy only 6% from Asia. The main financial principles of IKEA are financial stability, independence and flexibility, as a result, most of their profits are reinvested in the company in order to grow. IKEAs success is directly linked to its culture, which encourages all employees to share values like togetherness, cost-consciousness, respect and simplicity (IKEA, 2012). IKEA has also a high commitment to human resources practices in order to racism in christianity identify the essays behavioral genetics employee needs, ambitions and capabilities.
The products as well the marketing strategy, also reflect the company culture. The products are named after Swedish cities or famous Swedish people, and IKEAs colors are yellow and racism in christianity essays blue, the colors of the Swedish national flag. IKEAs collaborators are very important, and without them IKEA was not able to invent and produce its products. Nowadays, 10000 products are manufactured by my best, 2000 suppliers and transported to IKEA stores. In Christianity Essays. IKEA has introduced local offices to their suppliers in essays order to monitor them but also to help creating new products in cooperation with them (IKEA , 2012).
IKEA has also long-time contracts with its suppliers which avoids prices fluctuations and in christianity essays builds close relationships between them. IKEA does not have real competitors. There are lots of furniture retailers, but IKEA is unique in the way it operates. It operates worldwide with well-designed products at low cost. Wide range of well-designed products. Focus on innovation.
Large network of suppliers. Economic of madame bovary thesis statement scale. Strong brand image. Sales via Internet. Global expansion Asia and Latin America. Product standardization problems doing business in Asia. Low level of customer service.
Products unsuitable for older people. Stores layout just one entrance and just one exit. Competitors trying to operate like IKEA. Replace/Substitute/Repair products or parts. Economic recession in Europe.
Demographic factors Aging in Europe. As part of the national or global trends and changes, IKEA is just one example of essays firms that are successful in both domestic and international business. Essays. The Swedish furniture retailer has found the Scandinavian style of furniture that was combined with do-it-yourself flat packaging became popular and set a global cult brand. IKEA due to essays the economic changes and trends is adopting different kind of strategies that will take an appeal on their customers and aiming to own the customer loyalty. The strength of IKEA grew from the ownership transfer of the business to the Stitching Ingka. It made the company adopt other furniture style such as dinnerware, lightings and even rugs. Yet, the economic conditions affected the companys market performance and declared a slowdown because of lacking the thesis statement environmental education strategic direction. In order to essays generate the on vodafone tax controversy high performance of the business, IKEA considers exchange rates, low cost suppliers, lean manufacturing.
The IKEA used quality technology and systems to promote the shorter queues, proper scheduling, tracking and trading patterns, and racism essays staffing. It aims to essays behavioral genetics be more productive and establish employee preferences. The system made the IKEA in a position to in christianity ensure the right number of staff in a right place and in madame bovary a right time to match the unique trading pattern s at each stores of racism IKEA. The company view in optimizing everything from the supply chain is also optimizing and managing the workforce to create an efficient store environment and essays keep customers happy. IKEA contributed much in the society as they provide opportunities in people and the employees are entitled in different benefits such as insurance and pensions. Moreover, the in christianity essays company promises to provide more high quality furniture that sticks to study on vodafone their original concept stylish furniture at low prices. The legal compliance of IKEA is strictly implemented with the relevant and racism applicable laws and regulations that pertain to character the environment, social and working conditions. The company also scheduled the most demanding requirements to racism in christianity be specific in maintaining the list of laws and in french regulations and with the procedures. With regards to the environmental factors such as the air, noise, and water, inspections are implemented to ensure the essays company provides corrective actions within the stipulated time. The environmental inspection is part of the legal documentation and studios environmental authorities as the business operations are on-goings and maintains the competence.
Recycled and Renewal materials. Finished products(beds, sofas, etc.) Good business behavior. Prevent child labor. Realistic room settings. Specified retailer centers. Delivery of products. As per Slack (2010) , there are five basic performance objectives that apply to all organizations: quality, speed, dependability, flexibility and cost . These objectives have order-winning, order-qualifying and less important factors. Order winning factors are those things which directly and significantly contribute to winning business.
They are regarded by customer as key reasons for purchasing the product (Slack et all, 2010,pp 69). In Christianity. Simplified it is what a company does in order to make customer buy their products and not from their competitors. According to Slack (2010) raising performance in an order-winning factor, will result in macbeth character gaining more market share or a better overall performance. Order-qualifying factors are those aspects of competitiveness where the operations performance has to be above a particular level just to be considered by racism in christianity essays, the customer (Slack et all, 2010, pp.69). Products must fulfill minimum requirements in order to be considered by the customer. If the products are below the minimum requirements, the company will not sell their products end eventually will not be competitive in their business environment. Statement Environmental Education. Moreover, less important factors are such factors which are neither order-winning nor order-qualifying and do not influence customer in a significant way (Slack et all, 2010, pp.69). Quality is a major influence on customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction (Slack et all,2010,pp.40).
Quality for IKEA means that their products are functional and safe to racism essays use. The quality of essay IKEAs products is subject to the international standard ISO 17025. Due to this, IKA has established test laboratories, where the products are tested in order to meet the customers demands, not only in terms of design, function and price, but also with regards to safety, stability and durability (IKEA Right Quality, 2010). As per IKEA slogan , : Is is racism in christianity our customers that we want to come back not our products! (IKEA Right Quality,2010), IKEA tests products not only during the development phase, but also takes samples from products that are already in one of IKEAs stores. Quality in this case is an order-qualifying factor for IKA, because if the safety and function is not guaranteed, customers would not consider buying one of IKEAs products. Nevertheless, quality can be seen under a different aspect, the customer have to go all the madame bovary thesis statement way through the store before they can pay for the products, therefore, IKA needs to present their products within the racism in christianity stores in an attractive and appropriate way. In addition, referring to families, IKA takes care of essays behavioral genetics their children while they are shopping. This additional service leads to more quality for the families as well to racism customer satisfaction. In this case, quality is an order-winning factor for IKEA. Speed means the elapsed time between customers requesting products and receiving them (Slack et all, 2010, pp.40).
For IKEA speed is a less important factor since IKEA is not delivering their products. Customers chose their products and pick them up by themselves. Customers also take over the transportation from the essays genetics store to the home. The speed is depending on racism in christianity essays, the customer and not IKEA. Dependability means doing things in time for customers to receive their goods exactly when they are needed or at trip essay last when they were promised (Slack et all, 2010, pp.42). For IKEA dependability means to assure that the wide range of products that IKEA offers is available for customers on racism essays, time.
Every August IKEA publishes its catalogue to millions of customers in trip studios 31 countries (The Ikea catalogue, 2011). IKEA must be prepared to handle the in christianity essays run on its products. Character. To ensure that all products are sufficient available on time, IKA has introduced local offices close to their suppliers in order to monitor them. In addition, IKEA has long-terms contracts with its suppliers, which has the racism in christianity essays advantage that the behavioral processes between them run more smoothly due to the experience and consequently the improvements they have made it in the past (Baraldi, 2008, pp.99). Dependability is an order-qualifying factor for IKEA because customers expect that all products are available on time. A customer who goes to IKEA and does not find the product as showed in the catalog, will be frustrated and may consider not to buy further products of IKEA. Flexibility means being able to change the essays operation in some way. To Universal Essay. Specifically, customers will need the essays operation to change so that it can. provide four types of requirement (Slack et all, 2010, pp.46):
Product flexibility the operations ability to introduce new or modified products; Mix flexibility the operations ability to produce a wide range of products. Volume flexibility- the operations ability to change its level of output, to produce different quantities of products. Delivery flexibility the operations ability to change the timing of delivery. For IKEA product flexibility is statement environmental essential for the companys success. According to IKEAs slogan To create a better everyday life for the many people (IKEA Welcome Inside, 2010, pp. 19), IKEA puts emphasis on innovation to satisfy all the different needs of their customers.
New inventions and developments are the impulses for new products and consequently to be competitive. Racism In Christianity. Furthermore, IKEA has the ability to produce a wide range of study on vodafone products. There are about 10000 products in the total IKEA product range. The flexibility of IKEA regarding product and in christianity essays mix flexibilities are order-winning factors for IKEA. With its wide range and macbeth character modern stylish products, IKEA attracts many customers. To the companies which compete directly on price, cost will clearly be their major operations objective. The lower the racism cost producing their goods, the lower can be the price to their customers.
Not surprisingly, low cost is a universally attractive objective (Slack et all, 2010, pp.48). The main goal of IKEA is to case offer a wide range of well-designed, functional home furnishing products at prices so low that as many people as possible will be able to afford them (IKEA Welcome Inside, 2010, pp.7). This goal reflects the importance of the racism cost objective to IKEA. Study. As multinational company, IKEA benefits of economic of scales. IKEA offers their products at low prices, which attracts more customers as IKEA would offer their products at high prices.
Because of this, the costs to produce one product are going down, which allows IKEA to offer them at low prices. In Christianity Essays. Furthermore, the flat packages reduce the overall warehousing and distribution cost. Environmental Education. The common packages have most of the time space between the surface of the racism essays package and the product inside. This space or unnecessary air cost money. By using the flat packages, IKEA spends less money for transportation and can offer their products at low prices. Moreover, the trip to universal essay customer contributes to IKEAs low prices. The Stores of IKEA are located outside the city centers where the rest for IKEA is much cheaper, customers to go the stores as well bring the product they have purchased to their home. In addition, customers also put the product together by themselves. All these are a factor that reduce the overall costs of IKEA and is why IKEA is able to offer such low prices. Racism. As a result costs is an order-winning factor for IKEA , because IKEA uses low prices to attract customers.
The polar representation shows the relative importance of IKEAs performance objectives to its products. According to Slack (2010) it is called polar representation because the scales which represent the importance of each performance objective have the same origin. The bold line describes the bovary relative importance of each objective. The close the bold line is to the common origin, the in christianity essays less important is the objective to IKEA. Fig: IKEA polar representation. As can be seen in the polar representation the objectives cost, quality and flexibility are the my best order-winning factors for in christianity essays IKEA. Thesis Education. Dependability is an in christianity order-qualifying factor and speed does not influence IKEAs customers in a significant way and is therefore a less important factor. Cost can be seen as an order winning or qualifying factor. Madame Bovary. For IKEA it is definitely an racism order winning factor because they attract their customer with low prices. Genetics. IKEA has lower prices than its competitors do, which gives IKEA a competitive advantage. There are three performance objectives (cost, flexibility and quality) that IKEA puts a lot of emphasis on.
In the in christianity following sections, IKEA processes will be identified, and analyzed how the processes meet the performance objectives with the interrelation between product design and study process design. To better identify the process types, the Four Vs model will identify what implication each dimension (Volume, Variety, Variation in demand, Visibility) for the cost of creating IKEAs products have. In general, as per Slack (2010) high volume, low variety, low variation and low customer contact all help to racism in christianity keep processing costs down. With 10000 different products, IKEA produces a high volume of products. Behavioral Genetics. Due to racism essays the economics of scale the units costs are low.
The wide range of the products means that IKEA has a high variety in its product line. Moreover, the on vodafone tax controversy demand is rather predictable for IKEA. Therefore, the variation in in christianity demand can be seen as low. Finally yet important, the contact to their customers is also rather low. Customer choose their products and bovary pick it them up by themselves, there are some staff and information desks where customers can ask for help , but overall IKEA has low contact with the customers. Based on racism in christianity, the Four Vs, it can be seen that IKEA manufactures a high volume and a high variety of products: Fig: IKEA Variety Vs Volume. Although IKA produces 10000 variants of products, IKEA is using mass production to produce its products, the different variety of its products do not affect the basic process of macbeth essays production (Slack et all, 2010, pp.93) .This means that the in christianity variety is high to customers but the variety in the production process is macbeth low. There are advantages as well disadvantages of mass production.
The main advantage of mass production is racism in christianity essays that a company can achieve economic of scale. Economic of scale in production mean that production at larger scale (more output) can be achieved at lower cost (i.e., with economies or saving) (Hussain, 2010, pp. Thesis Statement. 149) . Since IKEA is producing a high volume of products, the company is achieving economic of scale as illustrated in the graphic below, which is in fact a competitive advantage: Fig: IKEA average Costs Vs Output. Furthermore, it has the advantage that it reduces nonproductive activities such as preparing materials and tools and it diminishes human errors due to in christianity standardization of the operations, in addition, workers perform simples work, as the tasks are repetitive. This allows companies to hire workers with limited technical or mechanical skills after a short training period and character will reduce the employees costs in the long term (Dolgui Proth, 2010, pp. 197). Nevertheless , there are some disadvantages, the rigidity of essays mass productions systems is one, which makes any production change very costly, and about friend the variety of products that can be produced on the same system is limited (Dolgui Proth, 2010, pp. 197). Mass production , in one hand, has the advantage that IKEA can achieve economic of scale, as already mentioned in order to meet the performance objective cost, in the other hand, it has the disadvantage that the inventory level is essays high which in particular means that the products of IKEA are make-to-stock (MTS). IN a make to stock process individual orders are not assigned to customers during manufacture (Schroeder, 1993, pp.174). This in madame bovary particular means for essays IKEA that the company must align their processes in a way that reduces their overall stockholding cost. To reduce the macbeth costs for storing the products, IKEA uses flat packages that do not waste unnecessary space.
Using flat packages also saves transportation costs that lowers the prices for the products. Racism. In addition , the stores of IKEA have all large storing halls from where the customer picks up its chosen products. This means that the products will be delivered right away from the suppliers to the stores. There is no between storage. Referring to IKEAs stores, they are also located outside the city centers, where the rent for IKEA is thesis statement much cheaper. Moreover, IKEA does not waste any leftovers that occur from the mass production process. For instance, leftover from a table will be used to produce a chair. Finally yet important, the customer has a significant influence on the production costs, IKEA produces the racism components of the furniture; the installation does the customer. This is trip to universal studios essay one reason why IKEA can produce such a variety and high volume at a mass production level. In Christianity Essays. Furthermore it allows IKEA to offer its furniture approximately 20% cheaper (Koenig , 2000, pp.
67). Another important objective flexibility must be considered in character the mass production process. As seen the rigidity of mass production systems is a major disadvantage, which makes any production change costly. Nevertheless, to ensure flexibility in terms of a wide range as well as innovative products, IKEA works together with the in christianity essays more than 2000 suppliers. Most of the production occurs at case study tax controversy the facilities of the suppliers. The rest is produced at the IKEA industrial group facilities Swedwood and racism essays Swedspan. IKEA is buying production capacity instead of buying product quantities from their suppliers. This means that IKEA is ordering, for instance, 10000 hours of production rather than 10000 beds. If IKEA launches a new product or need to produce existing products, IKEA examines which of their suppliers have the best capabilities to manufacture the product. Trip To Universal Essay. The next step is that IKEA orders production capacity and 24/7 production at in christianity essays the suppliers facilities can begin, because IKEA cooperates with such a high number of different suppliers, IKEA can provide such a high variety and high volume to their customers an can eventually be flexible.
According to Dolgui and Proth (2010) mass production diminishes human errors due to the standardization of the operations. To Universal Studios Essay. In addition, the quality of IKEAs products is subject to ISO 17025. Due to this, IKEA has test laboratories, where products are tested in racism essays order to meet customers demands in terms of function, price and also safety, stability and durability (IKEA Right Quality, 2010). PROCESS DESIGN PRODUCT DESIGN. Process design and product design are interrelated. Usually it is common for trip to universal studios manufactures that they fist manufacture or designs a product and then will target a price for the product and set up process that endure that the product will be delivered to the customer. IKEA is going it the other way around (Margonelli, 2002). In Christianity. IKEA first targets a price and tries to find a supplier that is able to manufacture the product. Fig: Process Design relation with Product Design. For example, IKEA is planning to design a new chair; they will target a price (for instance, 10 Eur). Afterwards, IKEA chooses a manufacture that has the capability to manufacture the chair, and then designers of IKEA will design the chair according to the customer trends.
Finally the chair will be manufactured in thesis environmental education large quantities to lower the unit costs and eventually distribution centers will deliver the chair to racism IKEA stores. In the image below, the process design has an impact on the product design and vice versa (Slack et all, 2010, pp.88) Fig: Process Design Product Design. Today, IKEA is one of the most successful furniture retailers in the world. Bovary. This means the operations management of racism in christianity essays IKEA has been set up processes, which meets the performance objectives in many ways, therefore it is difficult to find many areas for improvement, especially regarding the mass production process. IKEA generates more than 75% of its sales in Europe and only 6% in bovary statement Asia, even though Asia has much larger customer market. IKEA has its background in Sweden, but IKEA should be interested in increasing its sales in in christianity Asia. The key reason why IKEA is not successful is that the Do it yourself culture, among Asian customers does not exist in the same way as in Europe. Compared to Europe, to hire workers who setup your furniture in Asia is much cheaper, they do not have to do it by themselves. However as already mentioned IKEA produces only the components of the behavioral genetics furniture; the installation does the customer. This is one reason why IKEA can produce such a variety and high volume at a mass production level.
IKEA should rethink its strategy in Asia because some products just simply do not fit to customer needs. Maybe IKEA should provide finished furniture to the Asia customer, but the question is if IKEA could provide finished furniture at such low prices. The production process must be redesigned in particular for Asia. In Addition, IKEA might not be able to offer finished furniture in flat packages, which increase the overall transportation and stockholding cost. Furthermore, the production process might not be compatible with its suppliers. IKEA must find new suppliers that are able to manufacture finished products. Essays. These are all expense factors, which lead to the assumption that it is not feasible to adjust IKEAs processes in order to character meet the racism in christianity essays needs of Asian customers.
Therefore to madame statement be successful IKEA musct create a Do it yourself culture among its Asian customers, giving them more advices on how to set up their furniture. In long term it can provide good results in the Asian market. Another aspect that IKEA should improve, which does not affect the mass production process, is the fact that customers have to pass through the whole store before they can pay for their products. Essays. This distracts customer who want to genetics buy only essays one product. Thesis Environmental Education. IKEA should provide more exits and/or cash desk allowing customers to pay more quickly.
Furthermore, IKEA attracts many customers who are looking for low prices. In Christianity. IKEAs marketing strategy is based on this. Macbeth Character. This means that high income customers might not regard to in christianity essays buy at IKEA , because IKEA is seen as a low price furniture retailer. IKEA should also focus on attracting high income customer groups by launching marketing activities which primary focus on these groups. IKEA has modern and good quality products in macbeth character its product line that will certainly meet the needs of high income groups. In addition, as Europes population is aging, its important for essays IKEA to focus also on older population, having furniture to fulfill their needs. Based on the analysis in this report, the most important objective of IKEA is the macbeth cost, the racism processes objectives are to reduce the costs of the final product. My Best In French. IKEA uses mass processes in their production in order to racism achieve economy of scale. Furthermore IKEA is pioneer in using flat packages that reduces transportation costs as well stockholding costs. However, IKEA also focuses in flexibility and qualitity, which further satisfy the studios essay needs of the customers.
Thorught IKEAs high commitment to innovation the company is able to provide modern, stylish furniture that satisfies customers in terms of in christianity essays flexibility, and with the ISO 17025 standard, IKEA guarantees that their products have quality (are functional and safe). Overall, IKEA has successfully setup processes within the company, which ensures the satisfaction of the madame bovary thesis statement customers as well gave IKEA a competitive advantage in its business sector. IKEA has the right approach and in christianity essays will lead to essay a good performance in the future. Baraldi, E. (2008), Strategy in Industrial Networks: Experiences from IKEA, California Management Review, vol 50, no. 4, pp 99. Dolgui, A. Proth, J. M. (2010), Supply chain Engineering: Useful Methods and Techniques, Springer. Ikea (2010), The right quality for IKEA products. Available from http://ikea.com/ms/en_GB/about_ikea/press_room/rightquality.pdf [Accessed: April 8, 2012] Ikea (2010) , Welcome Inside. Available from http://ikea.com/ms/de_CH/about_ikea/pdf/Welcome_Inside_2010.pdf [Accessed: April 1, 2012]
Koenig, W. Essays. (2000), Geschichte der Konsumgesellschaft, Franz Steiner Verlag. Schroeder, R. G. (1993) , Operations Management: Decision Making in the Operations Function, 4th ed, McGraw-Hill . Margonelli, L. (2002), How Ikea designs its sexy price Tags, Business 2.0. Available from : http://www.ise.ufl.edu/ein43333/articles/How_Ikea_Designs_Its_Sexy_Price_tags.pdf [Accessed: March 28, 2012] Slack, N., Chambers, S. Johnston, R. (2010), Operations Management, 6th ed, Pearson Education. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order IKEA operations management. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed!
Relevant essay suggestions for IKEA operations management. What are some of the things IKEA is doing right to behavioral genetics reach consumers in different markets? What else could it do? IKEA has adopted many strategies to racism reach the customers IKEA Case Study. 1.How is IKEA profiting from global expansion? What is the essence of its strategy for creating value by expanding internationally? a.IKEA expands to essays other markets in order to get new Ikea OT Case anaylsis. Q1: List the various ways in which IKEA has managed the global environment over time. Companys approach that focuses on Simplicity, attention to detail and cost consciousness which help in ?IKEA Swot Analysis. 1. Customer knowledge.
One of the key competitive advantages IKEA has is its extensive knowledge about the customers. The company understands the purchasing factors that influence customers to buy and IKEA and Porters Five Forces. IKEA, the Swedish furniture conglomerate, has taken on aggressive growth goals over the past several years in an effort to racism remain competitive. With this in mind, Michael Porters 5 Forces IKEA The Global Retailer. 1. How has the globalization of markets benefited IKEA? Economy of scale determinates globalization advantages.
Economy of scale influenced on IKEA. In case it was mentioned that IKEAs target market
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21 Basic Resumes Examples for racism Students and New Graduates. Written by essay about Neil O’Donnell. Published July 5th, 2017. Neil O’Donnell, CPCC is a nationally certified career coach whose experience includes over 15 years of career counseling experience in addition to his having written thousands of résumés and cover letters. Racism In Christianity Essays? Working with professionals around the globe, Neil helps recent graduates and seasoned professionals alike in essay about friend, achieving their career dreams. Let’s face it, writing résumés is a daunting task, especially for racism undergraduates or recent college or high school graduates. Admittedly, one of the study tax controversy biggest complaints I often hear from essays, such entry job seekers is that no one showed them how to write a résumé or curriculum vitae. Would it make you feel better to know that most teachers and macbeth essays, professors don’t honestly know how to write a good résumé? Truthfully, most colleges have a career center, which students are repeatedly informed about, but students rarely utilize the services at such centers before or after graduation.
Hello! All graduates should make contact with their alma mater’s career center, because such centers usually offer free or low-cost résumé writing, basic resume examples, and interview preparation services! That said, let’s get to the heart of the issue. How do you write a good résumé for typical undergraduate/new graduate needs? Here are 4 basic resume examples, guidelines, and templates to help you out. 1. Sample Resume for racism essays an Internship. Most internships require a student provide a résumé and cover letter, but students often are frightened by this as they usually don’t have any experience related to the internship. Behavioral Genetics? Most employers are not expecting you to have extensive experience because an internship is usually the first experience students have in their field. As for the structure of a résumé for racism in christianity essays internships, much of the design is trip studios consistent with my previous guidance. However, a few things of in christianity essays, are more routine when it comes to an internship résumé. First, as a person seeking an internship often has little or no professional experience, volunteer experience can be vital.
Because, such experience can show a hiring manager or internship coordinator that you are a go-getter. You’d be amazed at the amount of employers across most fields place a great deal of value on volunteer experience, especially since a lot of macbeth essays, volunteer responsibilities connect with the responsibilities of professionals. Essays? For instance, if you volunteered at a foodbank, you would likely perform a mix of duties from handling inventory, keeping records of where food was shipped, and interacting with those in needs by providing directions on where to essays, go to obtain food. Such experience translates into racism in christianity, customer service and office operations experience. Madame Bovary Statement? Considering that MOST interns end up doing a lot of filing work and racism in christianity essays, call monitoring, the volunteer experience is essays behavioral genetics huge. In Christianity? In addition to professional and or volunteer experience, I recommend internship seeking individuals include a summary of qualifications section (placed before the experience section) to identify skills they have that best match with the job and/or highlight skillsets that suggest the would-be intern would excel in the workplace (aka not be lazy). Many of us have had nightmare experiences with interns. Macbeth Character Essays? So, any qualifications that could point towards you being a dedicated worker will likely help your case. In the qualifications section, also include coursework you completed that is racism in christianity relevant to case on vodafone tax controversy, the major/internship setting. For a business major seeking sales/accounting experience, it would be prudent to racism in christianity essays, list courses you completed that connect with business, accounting, statistics, and economics.
See the included Internship résumé for a full example. 2. Sample Resume for thesis education a Part-time Position. College students need to pay bills while professionals making little more than minimum wage need to find ways to make ends meet. Essays? This is to universal often where a part-time job comes into play. Part-time jobs most often are connected to the service industry, though sales, medical tech, and essays, administrative jobs often fill this void as well. In most of these instances, training on essays, the job is key so a relevant degree is essays not usually necessary (although pursuing a relevant degree could provide an case tax controversy advantage. For part-time work, it is in christianity essays important to keep a few things in mind. First, if you have an advanced degree (a Masters or higher), you should consider dropping that from the résumé. Because, employers might see your advanced degree and figure you will only stay long enough until you find something better (better pay or better benefits). Also, if you have extensive experience, you should limit what is on your résumé to the last ten years.
Too much experience may also suggest to an employer that you won’t be there long. Undergraduates and recent high school graduates don’t usually have these issues, but older workers seeking employment (especially after a layoff), could very well find themselves battling such hurdles. Again, including a ‘Summary of Qualifications’ section is a good idea when seeking part-time work as it can highlight skillsets you have relevant to the work being completed. For part-time jobs, especially those in the service industry, your education can be placed at the end (and in many cases, it should be last as pursuit of a college degree may make a hiring manager hesitate in hiring you for fear that you are only case study on vodafone, going to be there a short time. Racism Essays? Lastly, as with the internship résumé, those with little experience should consider including volunteer experience to help fill up one full page for the résumé. Thesis Education? See the example for an individual seeking part-time work as a sales associate, positions many undergraduates seek out while in college. 3. Sample Resume for in christianity an Entry Level Job. Again, applying for entry-level positions, a hiring manager is bovary not going to expect applicants to have extensive experience. For recent college graduates, including a list of relevant coursework is a good thing to consider as employers like to hiring individuals with up to essays, date knowledge relevant to the field, particularly in tech fields. I also believe listing relevant technological proficiencies is crucial as many older employers often have limited experience in computer programming and repair. As someone who has always efforted to stay on education, top of technological advancements, I can attest to the fact that tech-proficient individuals are a hot commodity.
For those with a great deal of racism in christianity essays, experience and advanced degrees who are seeking an entry-level position, drop the to universal advanced degree and only include last ten years of racism in christianity essays, experience. 4. Basic Sample Resume for No Experience. For those without any experience, building a résumé is not so easy. Things that can help in macbeth character essays, such situations are volunteer experience, relevant coursework from school, and a job objective. Frankly, most of us who are professional résumé writers do not use job objectives, but when in need of filling a page, an racism essays objective can come in handy. Just make certain your resume objective is focused on the job you are applying to (i.e. “To obtain a line cook position at the Cityview Restaurant). Adding a summary of statement environmental education, qualifications section where you highlight your computer proficiencies and “soft” skills can help as well (soft skills including thriving in a team environment, conflict resolution, good communications skills, and organization). In Christianity Essays? If you participated in activities at high school or college, including those experiences could also be a great addition, especially if you served in character, a position such as president, treasurer or secretary.
For those with no experience, staying at your first job for a few years is racism in christianity important to build a foundation for future success. Macbeth Essays? Getting a new job every year looks bad on a résumé and will hurt your chances of being hired in the future. Armed with this advice, know that every field/major requires a different focus on what to highlight in a résumé, particularly with regards to skillsets. Asking a professor for essays an example of her/his résumé would provide a good foundation to start with. Additionally, the case study on vodafone tax controversy following samples offer a glimpse at what a solid résumé would look like.
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Climate Change and Global Warming. Global warming and climate change is looked at in this section of the global issues web site. Introduced are some of the effects of climate change. In addition, this section attempts to provide insights into racism in christianity what governments, companies, international institutions, and other organizations are attempting to do about essays, this issue, as well as the challenges they face. Some of the major conferences in recent years are also discussed.
32 articles on Climate Change and essays, Global Warming and 1 related issue: Climate Change and Global Warming Introduction. Last updated Sunday, February 01, 2015. The climate is changing. Character Essays? The earth is warming up, and there is now overwhelming scientific consensus that it is racism in christianity essays happening, and human-induced. With global warming on the increase and species and their habitats on behavioral genetics, the decrease, chances for racism in christianity ecosystems to adapt naturally are diminishing. Many are agreed that climate change may be one of the greatest threats facing the planet. Recent years show increasing temperatures in various regions, and/or increasing extremities in essays genetics, weather patterns. This section looks at what causes climate change, what the impacts are and where scientific consensus currently is.
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Last updated Saturday, December 25, 2004. The world mostly agrees that something needs to be done about global warming and climate change. Racism? The first stumbling block, however, has been trying to get an agreement on thesis statement environmental, a framework. In 1988, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was created by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and racism in christianity, the World Meterological Organization (WMO) to assess the scientific knowledge on global warming. Statement Environmental? The IPCC concluded in 1990 that there was broad international consensus that climate change was human-induced. Racism? That report led way to an international convention for climate change, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), signed by over 150 countries at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992. This section looks at this Convention and some of the main principles in it.
Reactions to thesis environmental Climate Change Negotiations and Action. Last updated Monday, March 05, 2012. The United States plus a few other countries, and many large corporations, have opposed climate change treaties seemingly afraid of profit impacts if they have to make substantial changes to how they do business. However, as more climate change science has emerged over the years, many businesses are accepting this and even asking their governments for more action so that there is quick clarification on the new rules of the game so they can get on with their businesses. This section explores some of in christianity, those fears to see if they are justified or not. Action on climate change is cheaper than inaction. Posted Monday, February 02, 2015. Many are afraid that tackling climate change is statement environmental going to racism essays be too costly. But increasingly, studies are showing action will not just be cheaper than inaction, but could actually result in economic, environmental and essays behavioral genetics, even health benefits, while improving sustainability. Last updated Saturday, October 19, 2013. For many years, large, influential businesses and governments have been against in christianity, the idea of global warming.
Many have poured a lot of resources into discrediting what has generally been accepted for a long time as real. Now, the mainstream is generally worried about trip, climate change impacts and the discourse seems to have shifted accordingly. Some businesses that once engaged in disinformation campaigns have even changed their opinions, some even requesting governments for regulation and direction on this issue. However, a few influential companies and organizations are still attempting to undermine climate change action and concerns. Will all this mean a different type of spin and propaganda with attempts at green washing and misleading information becoming the norm, or will there now be major shift in attitudes to essays see concrete solutions being proposed and implemented? Last updated Sunday, January 08, 2012. For a number of years, there have been concerns that climate change negotiations will essentially ignore a key principle of climate change negotiation frameworks: the essays behavioral genetics common but differentiated responsibilities. Realizing that greenhouse emissions remain in racism essays, the atmosphere for a very long time, this principle recognizes that historically:
Industrialized nations have emitted far more greenhouse gas emissions (even if some developing nations are only now increasing theirs); Rich countries therefore face the biggest responsibility and burden for action to address climate change; and Rich countries therefore must support developing nations adaptthrough financing and technology transfer, for example. This notion of macbeth, climate justice is typically ignored by many rich nations and their mainstream media, making it easy to racism blame China, India and genetics, other developing countries for failures in essays, climate change mitigation negotiations. Development expert, Martin Khor, calculated that taking historical emissions into account, the trip to universal rich countries owe a carbon debt because they have already used more than their fair quota of emissions. Yet, by 2050 when certain emission reductions are needed by, their reduced emissions will still add up to be go over their fair share: However, rather than continue down the path of unequal development, industrialized nations can help pay off their carbon debt by truly helping emerging countries develop along a cleaner path, such as through the racism essays promised-but-barely-delivered technology transfer, finance, and capacity building. So far however, rich nations have done very little within the Kyoto protocol to reduce emissions by any meaningful amount, while they are all for about friend negotiating a follow on treaty that brings more pressure to developing countries to agree to emissions targets. In effect, the racism in christianity essays more there will be delay the more the on vodafone poor nations will have to save the Earth with their sacrifices (and if it works, as history shows, the rich and powerful will find a way to rewrite history to claim they were the ones that saved the planet). These issues are explored in more depth here.
Climate Change Flexibility Mechanisms. Last updated Monday, April 02, 2012. Flexibility mechanisms were defined in the Kyoto Protocol as different ways to achieve emissions reduction as part of the racism effort to address climate change issues. These fall into the following categories: Emissions Trading, Joint Implementation and about, Clean Development Mechanism. However, these have been highly controversial as they were mainly included on strong US insistence and to keep the US in the treaty (even though the US eventually pulled out). Racism Essays? Some of the my best in french mechanisms face criticism for not actually leading to a reduction in emissions, for example.
Image ©: Centre for Science and Environment. Carbon Sinks, Forests and Climate Change. Last updated Tuesday, October 29, 2002. A mechanism suggested for tackling climate change and warming has been the idea of using Carbon Sinks to soak up carbon dioxide. To aid in racism in christianity, this, reforestation, or planting of character essays, new forests, have been suggested. Racism In Christianity Essays? This is a popular strategy for environmental education the logging industry and nations with large forests interests.
While there may be some potential in this solution, it cannot be effective on its own. This is because it legitimizes continued destruction of old-growth and pristine forests which are rich ecosystems and have an established biodiversity base (albeit shrinking now) that naturally maintain the environment (at no cost!). Creating new forest areas would require the creation of entire ecosystems. It is also criticized for being a quick fix that does not tackle the in christianity root causes effectively and does not lead to, or promote actual emissions reduction. Climate Change Affects Biodiversity. Last updated Sunday, January 19, 2014. Rapid global warming can affect an madame bovary thesis statement ecosystems chances to adapt naturally. The Arctic is very sensitive to climate change and already seeing lots of essays, changes.
Ocean biodiversity is already being affected as are other parts of the ecosystem. Last updated Sunday, December 05, 2010. It seems there has been a recent interest in associating climate change/global warming with over population and that countries such as China and India have to do more to help contain global warming. Yet rich countries have a lot to do themselves. There were agreed reasons why developing countries were exempt from initial greenhouse gas emission targets: it was the emissions from education, rich countries that accumulated in in christianity, the atmosphere for so long to essays genetics trigger climate change.
Last updated Sunday, March 03, 2013. One type of ecosystem that perhaps is neglected more than any other is perhaps also the richest in biodiversitythe coral reefs. Coral reefs are useful to racism the environment and to essay about in french people in a number of ways. However, all around the world, much of the worlds marine biodiversity face threats from human and activities as well as natural. It is feared that very soon, many reefs could die off. Last updated Sunday, May 15, 2011. Energy security is a growing concern for rich and emerging nations alike.
The past drive for fossil fuel energy has led to wars, overthrow of democratically elected leaders, and puppet governments and dictatorships. Leading nations admit we are addicted to racism in christianity essays oil, but investment into alternatives has been lacking, or little in comparison to case study tax controversy fossil fuel investments. As the racism essays global financial crisis takes hold and awareness of trip, climate change increases, more nations and companies are trying to invest in racism in christianity, alternatives. But will the case on vodafone geopolitics remain the same? Dominance and Change in the Arctic. Last updated Sunday, June 06, 2010. The Arctic region has long been considered international territory. Racism In Christianity? Five countriesCanada, Denmark (via Greenland), Norway, Russia, and the United Statesshare a border with the frozen Arctic Ocean. Some of case, these nations have claimed parts of the region to be their territory.
Underlying the interests in the area are potentially vast oil, gas and other resources, as well as the opening up of lucrative passages for trade and economic activity as climate change reduces the amount of ice in the region. As a result, these nations have been vying for racism essays dominance in the Arctic. Climate change provides an additional threat not just to the local wildlife and indigenous populations that are already seeing their surroundings change rapidly, but to the rest of the planet, too. Bovary Thesis? While retreating sea ice may open up shipping routes, the in christianity regions ability to madame bovary thesis reflect sunlight back into space would diminish, further increasing climate change effects. Posted Saturday, January 15, 2005. Research has shown that air pollutants from fossil fuel use make clouds reflect more of the suns rays back into space. This leads to an effect known as global dimming whereby less heat and racism, energy reaches the earth.
At first, it sounds like an ironic savior to climate change problems. However, it is believed that global dimming caused the droughts in Ethiopia in trip to universal, the 1970s and 80s where millions died, because the northern hemisphere oceans were not warm enough to allow rain formation. Global dimming is also hiding the racism essays true power of global warming. By cleaning up global dimming-causing pollutants without tackling greenhouse gas emissions, rapid warming has been observed, and various human health and ecological disasters have resulted, as witnessed during the European heat wave in 2003, which saw thousands of people die. Posted Saturday, January 24, 2015. An overview of the Climate Change Conference (also known as COP 20), held in Lima, Peru in essays genetics, December 2014. While it seemed like it was a successful meeting, because developing nations were committed to drawing up their own plans for emissions reductions for the first time, a number of important issues were left undecided such as how financing would work. This page is an racism in christianity essays overview of the Lima Climate conference. Posted Monday, December 02, 2013. An overview of the Climate Change Conference (also known as COP 19), held in Warsaw, Poland in November 2013. Predictably and sadly, the same issues have resurfaced: West stalling on doing anything, lack of funding, disagreement on priorities, etc.
This page is an overview of the statement education Warsaw Climate conference. Posted Sunday, December 02, 2012. An overview of the Climate Change Conference (also known as COP 18), held in Doha, Qatar in December 2012. Predictably and sadly, the same issues have resurfaced: lack of media coverage, West stalling on doing anything, lack of in christianity, funding, disagreement on how to address it, etc. This page is an overview of the Doha Climate conference. Posted Wednesday, January 04, 2012. An overview of the Climate Change Conference (also known as COP 17), held in Durban, South Africa in December 2011.
Predictably and sadly, the same issues have resurfaced: lack of statement, media coverage, West stalling on in christianity essays, doing anything trying to blame India and China instead, lack of funding, disagreement on how to address it, etc. Geopolitical threats (real and imaginary) quickly focus a lot of political will and bovary thesis statement, money is easily found to mobilize military forces when needed. The economy also takes center stage as the current pressing issue, while climate change is easily deferred, in the hopes that the racism West can let China and thesis environmental, India pick up the burden of racism essays, addressing emissions even though they have not contributed to the historical build up of emissions that have started the recent changes in the climate. This page is an overview of the Durban conference. Posted Tuesday, January 04, 2011. An overview of the Climate Change Conference (also known as COP 16), held in Cancun, Mexico in character, the December 2010. This conference came a year after the Copenhagen conference which promised so much but offered so little. It also came in the wake of WikiLeaks revelations of how the racism in christianity US in particular tried to cajole various countries to support an accord that served US interests rather than the worlds.
What resulted was an agreement that seems much watered down, even an almost reversal, from original aims and spirit of climate change mitigation. In effect, the main polluters (the industrialized nations) who should have borne the brunt of statement education, any emission reduction targets, have managed to reduce their commitments while increasing those of the developing countries; a great global warming swindle if any! COP15Copenhagen Climate Conference. Posted Wednesday, December 30, 2009. An overview of the Climate Change Conference (also known as COP 15), held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in the middle of December, 2009. There was a lot of hope and optimism before this conference that a meaningful climate negotiation could be agreed to, as climate change concerns are increasing rapidly. Instead, a mixture of posturing from nations such as China and in christianity essays, the US, and studios essay, the inability for nations to agree on numerous issues led to a meeting failure. But amongst the various reasons for failure are concerns that repeatedly show themselves every year at these climate conferences. Posted Thursday, January 01, 2009. An overview of the racism Climate Change Conference (also known as COP 14), held in Poznan, Poland, at the beginning of December, 2008. As with past conferences, this too was not without its controversies.
For example, while the Adaptation Fund was launched the statement environmental education funding of it caused lots of racism essays, disagreements. The conference came at essays behavioral a time when Europe seemed to weaken their usually strong stance on climate change action and on news that in in christianity essays, recent years, emissions from industrialized nations had risen. Posted Tuesday, January 01, 2008. The UN conference on climate change held in Bali, Indonesia in December 2007 led to a final agreement known as the macbeth essays Bali Roadmap. The Bali Roadmap outlined a new negotiating process to be concluded by 2009 to feed into a post-Kyoto (i.e. a post-2012) international agreement on climate change. The Roadmap included a decision to launch an Adaptation Fund as well as further decisions on technology transfer and on reducing emissions from in christianity essays, deforestation. However, as with past climate conferences, this was not without its controversies, especially Europe and developing countries criticisms of the US position and negotiation tactics. Posted Thursday, December 29, 2005. December 2005 saw the eleventh session of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (or, COP11 for short). Thesis? At the same time, the first Meeting of the Parties of the Protocol (MOP 1) took place. These meetings attempted to in christianity advance discussions on the future emission reductions and essays genetics, ways to help developing countries.
The US walked out at one point of the meeting, but were eventually convinced to come back to racism essays the conference. On Vodafone Tax Controversy? The result, some felt, was a slightly weakened text, but something to build upon for the future. Developing countries were also discussed, but issues of racism in christianity, climate justice and equity seemed to be missing once again. COP10Buenos Aires Climate Conference. Posted Friday, December 24, 2004. December 2004 saw the tenth session of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (or, COP10 for short). This marked the 10th anniversary of the Kyoto Protocol.
Countries were to discuss adaption measures, and the entry of the essays Kyoto Protocol into force. In addition, some discussion on post-Kyoto was also attempted. Last updated Saturday, November 02, 2002. October 23 to November 1, 2002 saw the eighth session of the in christianity essays United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (or, COP8 for short). Leading up to this conference there has still been little progress on reducing emissions.
Posted Sunday, November 11, 2001. October 29 to November 9, 2001 saw the essay about friend in french seventh session of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (or, COP7 for short). The purpose of the meeting was to in christianity essays agree legal text covering outstanding technical aspects of the political agreement reached in madame bovary statement, Bonn in July 2001 on in christianity, how to implement the Kyoto Protocol. While an macbeth character essays agreement resulted, there are still concerns there will be little impact on in christianity essays, emissions as a result. Last updated Tuesday, September 04, 2001. November 13 to thesis environmental education November 24, 2000 saw the racism in christianity sixth session of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the statement Parties (or, COP6 for short). Each COP meeting is where nations meet to evaluate the accords and compliance with meeting emissions reduction targets. This one was intended to wrap up three years of racism, negotiations on the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Instead though, the talks pretty much collapsed. COP4Buenos Aires Climate Conference. Last updated Sunday, November 12, 2000.
November 2 - November 13, 1998 in Buenos Aires, Argentina the Fourth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP-4) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was held. There were many issues that still needed to be discussed, especially on the trading of Carbon emissions and equity between the rich and developing nations. COP3Kyoto Protocol Climate Conference. Last updated Friday, February 15, 2002. 1997, at the Conference of Parties III (COP3), Kyoto, Japan, the Kyoto conference on climate change took place.
There, developed countries agreed to specific targets for education cutting their emissions of racism, greenhouse gases. A general framework was defined for this, with specifics to be detailed over the next few years. This became known as the Kyoto Protocol. The US proposed to just stabilize emissions and not cut them at all, while the European Union called for a 15% cut. In the essay end, there was a trade off, and industrialized countries were committed to an overall reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases to 5.2% below 1990 levels for in christianity essays the period 2008 - 2012. (The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change said in thesis statement environmental education, its 1990 report that a 60% reduction in emissions was needed. Essays? ) As with the following COP meetings, there was enormous media propaganda by affected big businesses and by study on vodafone tax controversy, countries such as the U.S. Racism? who were openly hostile to the treaty.
In fact one of the first things George Bush did when he came to power was to essays oppose the in christianity Kyoto Protocol. The Ozone Layer and Climate Change. Last updated Saturday, June 08, 2002. Scientists believe that Global Warming will lead to case study on vodafone a weaker Ozone layer, because as the surface temperature rises, the stratosphere (the Ozone layer being found in racism in christianity, the upper part) will get colder, making the natural repairing of the Ozone slower. Last updated Wednesday, July 04, 2001. The 1997 Nino caused huge problems all over the world, from droughts to floods and environmental, poor yield of essays, crops. Study Tax Controversy? It is in christianity essays thought that there is a link between climate change and the severity of statement, Nino.
Climate Change Links for in christianity more Information. Last updated Sunday, January 31, 2010. Last updated Monday, February 02, 2015. Environmental issues are also a major global issue. Humans depend on case, a sustainable and healthy environment, and racism, yet we have damaged the environment in numerous ways. This section introduces other issues including biodiversity, climate change, animal and nature conservation, population, genetically modified food, sustainable development, and more. Bookmark or share this with others using some popular social bookmarking web sites:
Link to this page from your site/blog. Copy/paste the following HTML code to your page: to produce this: Anup Shah, Climate Change and Global Warming, Global Issues , Updated: February 02, 2015. Alternatively, copy/paste the following MLA citation format for this page: by Anup Shah Created: Monday, July 20, 1998 Last Updated: Monday, February 02, 2015. Give a man a fish; you have fed him for today.
Teach a man to fish; and essays genetics, you have fed him for racism in christianity a lifetime. Old Chinese Saying.
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Centralized Backup aka Jason#039;s Blog. Gold standard of data protection methods goes through sea of essays change. Not too long ago, the gold standard for protecting organizational data involved using a disk-to-disk-to-tape process. First, a copy of essay about production data went to secondary disk to racism in christianity essays expedite rapid recovery if needed, and genetics then the data went to tape for racism essays long-term retention. Previously, some organizations used only tape, and bovary thesis statement a few moved to using only in christianity essays disk when that became cost-effective. Even then, most IT groups knew it made more sense to essays genetics use a combination of the in christianity two media types to essays leverage what they did best: disk for recovery, tape for retention. Fast forward a few years and the gold standard for data protection methods boiled down to employing backups, snapshotting and in christianity essays replication, specifically the following: Backups to essay provide multiple previous versions over an extended timespan; Snapshotting to deliver the fastest recovery from essays a near-current version; and Replication for data survivability at essay about, an alternate location. Some have argued that one of in christianity essays these data protection methods should usurp the others depending on your point of thesis statement environmental education view. But the fact is the best approach has always been to use each process for in christianity what it does best, in a complementary manner with the others. Here we are today, and it appears the case study gold standard for protecting data, or at least the de facto standard at enterprise-scale organizations, has changed once again.
It now centers on using multiple data protection methods per workload, namely employing the following: Importantly, since most of those everything else backup products do not protect data generated from software-as-a-service applications such as Office 365, Google Docs or Salesforce, most enterprises end up using four different types of data protection products. Do we really need four backup products? No, but because the in christianity approach to protection is case, already so fragmented, many IT operations admins and even senior IT decision makers are often no longer able to persuade their vAdmin and database admin colleagues that a unified product would really work better. This situation is really the fault of vendors specifically, the unified-product vendors who havent invested enough in marketing awareness of the racism in christianity essays economic benefits and technical proofs regarding how their products support varied workloads as well as niche offerings. Arguably, this lack of essays behavioral genetics effective promotion is more of a high-impact factor in the lack of unified data protection uptake than any lack of engineering to racism actually deliver equitable protection capabilities. Until vendors fix this messaging problem, todays data protection-related fragmentation will continue.In the meantime, having each administrator perform their own backups for the technological areas under their domain is a dangerous practice. Study Tax Controversy? Think about it: Most workload or platform admins only really care about being able to achieve 30-, 60- or 90-day rollbacks, for in christianity essays example. They are not worried about 5-year, 7-year or 10-year retention rules.Corporate data must be protected to a corporate standard, however, which can include adhering to long-term retention and deletion requirements. Thats a consideration regardless of how fragmented the essay about actual execution of essays protection. So, right now, some organizational data is being under-protected and thesis some overprotected.
This situation of in christianity essays varying data protection methods is behavioral genetics, making organizations vulnerable. Another thing to note is that gold standards do not necessarily replace one another. Many organizations may be using two, three or four backup products per workload . Essays? But they are still supplementing those backups with snapshots and replicas. Macbeth Character Essays? Thats actually a wise move, as no backup offering can replace the racism essays agility that comes with snapshotting or replication. Theyre also still using disk for rapid restoration and tape for long-term retention. And many are now adding cloud-based protection (disaster recovery as a service, for example) to statement environmental achieve added agility. At the end of the day, what these admins and the organizations they work for should care most about is the racism essays agility and reliability of the protection effort regardless of the various mechanisms and essays behavioral genetics media used to facilitate that protection. We are going to have heterogeneous protection media, and racism in christianity we are going to have multiple data protection methods.
With those realities in mind, to avoid unnecessary risk, the answer might be to have as close to trip to universal studios a common catalog, control layer (for policy management) and console as possible. Essays? That way everyone will understand what is macbeth, really going on across an environment via a single pane of essays glass, regardless of case study fragmentation behind the essays scenes. Wrap-Up on Backup from Microsoft Ignite (with Video) As ESG often tries to madame bovary statement do, here is a short summary video of ESGs impressions from a major industry event Microsoft Ignite, held in Atlanta over September 26-29, 2016 from a backup perspective. In the video, I suggested that Microsoft is racism in christianity, a leader in to universal studios, Windows data protection. Certainly, this is not to disparage the many Microsoft partners that have built whole companies and product lines around data protection. And from a revenue perspective, their backup offerings wouldnt register at racism in christianity, all. But Almost every version of Windows has shipped with a built-in backup utility to address the immediate, per-machine need for ad-hoc backups or file roll-back, with todays Previous Versions functionality more closely resembling software-based snapshots than backup per madame bovary, se. That said, it has always been recognized that a more full-featured, multi-server solution is almost always warranted. Of course, Microsoft has been producing Volume Shadowcopy Services (VSS) for over a decade, which is the underpinnings of how any backup vendor protects data within Windows systems. Microsoft has been shipping its for sale backup offering, Data Protection Manager (within System Center), for over a decade.
And though a good number of Hyper-V centric environments use DPM, the greater impact is how DPM gave/gives Microsoft insights into racism essays how to education improve VSS, thereby improving all data protection offerings in market. The point is Microsoft is in christianity, not new to backup. It hasnt previously been a monetary focus, but they have consistently recognized backup as intrinsic to a management story and assured satisfaction with Windows Server and its application server offerings. All of essay my best in french that may be changing with Azure as the crown jewel of the Microsoft ecosystem and OMS as a cloud-based management stack. Azure Backup is a key pillar of OMS, just like backup is in christianity essays, a key pillar to many management strategies, alongside provisioning, monitoring, and patching. IT Operations folks that are responsible for essays the latter three activities are continually wanting to do backups (as preparation for recoveries) as well which makes Azure Backup something to watch for its own sake, and the sake of the data protection market in in christianity essays, 2017 as many organizations are reassessing their partners during their embrace of cloud services. This week, the bovary thesis statement newly unencumbered Veritas (from Symantec) relaunched its premier user event Veritas Vision. There was a palpable energy that resonated around were back and ready to essays resume our leadership mantle, starting with an impressive day one from main stage: Bill Coleman (CEO) started the event by making information is everything personal by case study tax controversy, tying medical data to a young girl with health struggles, which gave context that would resonate with everyone which then got real by revealing her as Bills niece.
Ana Pinczuk (CPO) introduced us to the journey that Veritas wants to partner with its customers and ecosystem from what you already rely on Veritas for to ambitious data management and enablement, with an impressive array of announcements, almost all of in christianity which coupled Veritas established flagships with emerging offerings that unlock some very cool data-centric capabilities. Mike Palmer (SVP, Data Insights) , who is arguably the best voice on the Veritas stage in a very long time, delivered a brilliant session describing data and metadata through the movie InsideOut, tying the movies memory globes to data, the colors to meta data, combined with formative insights, pools of repositories and outcomes, etc. Ill be hard pressed to use any other analogy to describe metadata for a long time to statement come. Vendors, if you want to see how to completely nail a keynote, watch the recordng of Mikes session. And that was just the first two hours. Along the way, the new Veritas also wanted everyone to know that they are combining two decades of in christianity storage/data protection innovation with a youthful, feisty aggressiveness against perceived legacy technologies, with EMC + Dell being the essay about my best punchline of many puns and essays direct takedowns. Case On Vodafone? That could have come across as mean or disrespectful, but was delivered with enough wit that it served to bring the room together. The competitive digs may have had arguable merit, but they clearly cast Veritas as a software-centric, data-minded contrast to hardware vendors with a level of spunk that ought to in christianity energize its field, partners, and thesis environmental education customer base. As further testament to their approach for combining flagships with emerging offerings, many of the breakouts leveraged multiple, integrated Veritas products for solution-centric outcomes which candidly is their best route to the ambitious journey that Veritas is embarking on. Racism Essays? Glueing together their new journey through integrated solutions that are then underpinned by products (instead of jumping straight to thesis statement whats new in product X this year) will be a key to watch for racism essays as the new Veritas continues to redefine itself. As a reminder that Veritas is my best friend, much more than NetBackup, check out their current portfolio.
For further impressions on the event, check out ESGs video coverage from the event: Congratulations Veritas on a fresh vision (and Vision) that ought to propel you into some exciting opportunities. Is Your Data Protection Strategy Suffering a Civil War? I am a huge fan of the Marvel movies. In Christianity? Each of the individual hero movies has done an awesome job contributing to the greater albeit fictional universe.
Each of the heroes has their unique role to case study on vodafone tax controversy play within the Avengers team. And yet, in the latest movie that released on racism in christianity, Blu-Ray today, it appears as if this colorful array of character heroes is divided. They have similar goals, but what seems to be opposing methods that put them at in christianity essays, odds with each other. Data protection can have similar contradictions. The Spectrum of Data Protection activities can seem similar. We often talk about the spectrum as a holistic perspective on the myriad of data protection outcomesand the potentially diverse tools that enable those outcomes. And yet, sometimes, the essays genetics spectrum can appear opposed to itself: Some in your organization are focused on d ata management ( governance, retention, and compliance ) which focuses on racism in christianity, how long you can or should retain data in thesis statement, a cost-effective way that unlocks the value of the data.
Others in your organization are focused on d ata availability ( assured availability and BC/DR ), as part of ensuring the users and the business productivity. Do these goals actually contradict? No. But you have to start with the core of what is common: data protection, powered by a complementary approach of backup, snapshots, and replication. But as backup evolves to data protection, many come to a crossroads where that evolution only goes down one path or the racism in christianity essays otherdata management or data availability. Well have to wait until next year to see how the Avengers reconciles to a single team againbut you cant afford to wait that long. Study Tax Controversy? Start with your core focus areas and then evolve toward the edges, as opposed to coming from the racism in christianity edges in.
Why you still need backup and trip to universal studios beyond. The foundation of any data protection, preservation, and availability strategy is grounded in backup, period. Yes, a majority of organizations supplement backups with snapshots, or replicas, or archives, as shown in essays, what ESG refers to thesis statement environmental as the Data Protection Spectrum: And as much as some of those other colors (approaches to in christianity essays data protection) can add agility or flexibility to a broader data protection strategy, make no mistake that for most organizations of any and all sizes, backup still matters ! In fact, ESG wrote a brief on the relevance of backup today, within the context how other methods supplement backups and vice versa. ESG is now making this brief publicly available, courtesy of Commvault. In fact, Commvault believes so much in this backup-centric and yet comprehensive approach to data management, protection, and madame statement recovery, that theyve invited me to speak at their Commvault GO conference in October at a session aptly named, Why you still need Backup .and Beyond (session description below) ESG research shows that for the past five years, improving data backup and essays recovery has consistently been one of the IT priorities most reported by organizations. However, to evolve from traditional backup to thesis true data management is to get smarter on all of the iterations of data throughout an infrastructure, including not only the backups/snapshots/replicas/archives from data protection, but also the primary/production data and in christianity the copies of data created for non-protection purposes, like test/dev, analytics/reporting, etc. Further, the cloud offers a new way to approach data protection, disaster recovery and case on vodafone tax controversy some of those non-protection use cases. In this session, leading industry analyst, Jason Buffington discusses the trends in data protection today and essays market shifts that customers MUST understand in order to keep pace with the changing IT landscape.
My thanks to Commvault for syndicating the brief and the chance to share ESGs perspectives on how the realm of data protection and data management is changing, and to universal what to look for as it does. See you in Orlando ! Amazon (1) Appliances (14) Application-Protection (7) Archive (3) Articles in racism in christianity essays, Publications (4) Backup-to-Disk (37) BC-DR (20) Big Data (1) Book (8) Business Process (4) BYOD (7) Channel-and-SPs (1) CloudBackup (28) CommVault (1) Consumerization of IT and on vodafone tax controversy BYOD (5) Continuous Data Protection (1) CustomerStory (9) Data Protection (3) Data Protection IT Pros (2) Deduplication (2) Dell (6) DPM (75) DRaaS (2) EMC (17) Endpoint-Devices (10) ESG (80) Events (23) Exagrid (2) Gaming (2) Handheld Gaming (1) Healthcare (1) Heterogeneous-Backup (6) High Availability (3) Hitachi HDS (1) HP (5) Hyper-V (6) IBM (3) Image-based backup (1) Infographic (2) iSCSI (5) Jason (29) Microsoft (50) MS SystemCenter (72) MS Windows Server (9) NetApp (2) News (13) Nook (1) OpsMgr (10) Quantum (3) Quest (1) Rants and Raves (1) Regulatory Compliance (2) Religion (1) Riverbed (1) ROI-TCO (1) SaaS software-as-a-service (2) Scouting (3) Sepaton (2) SLA service levels (1) SMB (6) Snapshots (2) Social Networks (1) Storage (22) Surface (2) Symantec (4) SystemCenter (2) Tape (2) TechTarget (1) Veeam (1) Veritas (1) Videos and Webcasts (52) Virtualization (21) VMware (15) Webcasts (3) Windows (1) WindowsPhone (1) WIndows Server (12) Windows Storage Server (9) Xbox (26) My blog posts and tweets are my own, and do not necessarily represent the views of my current employer (ESG), my previous employers or any other party. I do not do paid endorsements, so if I am appear to be a fan of something, it is based on my personal experience with it. If I am not talking about your stuff, it is racism, either because I haven't worked with it enough or because my mom taught me if you can't say something nice .